Lebanon(redirected from Libanon)
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A country of southwest Asia on the Mediterranean Sea. The site of ancient Phoenicia, the region was gradually absorbed by the Persian Empire and later conquered by Alexander the Great. Eventually it came under Roman control and was Christianized before the Arab conquest of the 7th century. Part of the Ottoman Empire from the early 16th century, Lebanon became a French League of Nations mandate after World War I and proclaimed its independence in 1941, although full self-government was not achieved until 1946. Tensions between Christians and Muslims led to civil war (1975), which finally came to an end in 1990. Beirut is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) the Lebanon a republic in W Asia, on the Mediterranean: an important centre of the Phoenician civilization in the third millennium bc; part of the Ottoman Empire from 1516 until 1919; gained independence in 1941 (effective by 1945). Official language: Arabic; French and English are also widely spoken. Religion: Muslim and Christian. Currency: Lebanese pound. Capital: Beirut. Pop: 4 131 583 (2013 est). Area: 10 400 sq km (4015 sq miles)
Leb•a•non(ˈlɛb ə nən, -ˌnɒn)
a republic at the E end of the Mediterranean, N of Israel. 3,562,699; 3927 sq. mi. (10,170 sq. km). Cap.: Beirut.
Leb`a•nese′ (-ˈniz, -ˈnis) adj., n., pl. -nese.
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|Noun||1.||Lebanon - an Asian republic at east end of Mediterranean|
tabbouleh, tabooli - a finely chopped salad with tomatoes and parsley and mint and scallions and bulgur wheat
Asbat al-Ansar, Band of Partisans - an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda
Abu Nidal Organization, ANO, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, Fatah Revolutionary Council, Fatah-RC, Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims - a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries; "in the 1980s the Fatah-RC was considered the most dangerous and murderous Palestinian terror group"
Force 17 - formed in 1972 as a personal security force for Arafat and other PLO leaders; became one of PLO's elite units; has built an extensive infrastructure of terrorist cells and weapon depots in Europe while attacking Israeli targets
Hezbollah, Hizballah, Hizbollah, Hizbullah, Islamic Jihad, Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine, Lebanese Hizballah, Organization of the Oppressed on Earth, Party of God, Revolutionary Justice Organization - a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon
Jabat al-Tahrir al-Filistiniyyah, Palestine Liberation Front, PLF - a terrorist group formed in 1977 as the result of a split with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; became a satellite of al-Fatah; made terrorist attacks on Israel across the Lebanese border
Popular Struggle Front, PSF - a terrorist group of radical Palestinians who split with al-Fatah in 1967 but now have close relations with al-Fatah; staged terrorist attacks against Israel across the Lebanese border
Arab League - an international organization of independent Arab states formed in 1945 to promote cultural and economic and military and political and social cooperation
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Bayrut, Beirut, capital of Lebanon - capital and largest city of Lebanon; located in western Lebanon on the Mediterranean
Tarabulus, Tarabulus Ash-Sham, Trablous, Tripoli - a port city and commercial center in northwestern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea
Sur, Tyre - a port in southern Lebanon on the Mediterranean Sea; formerly a major Phoenician seaport famous for silks
Byblos - an ancient Mediterranean seaport that was a thriving city state in Phoenicia during the second millennium BC; was the chief port for the export of papyrus; located in Lebanon to the north of Beirut; now partially excavated
Asia - the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
Lebanese - a native or inhabitant of Lebanon
Lebanon[ˈlebənən] N the Lebanon → el Líbano
n the Lebanon → der Libanon