(redirected from Liefland)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.


 (lĭ-vō′nē-ə, -vōn′yə)
A region of north-central Europe in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Originally settled by the Livs, a Finnic people, the area was conquered in the 1200s by German knights, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. After the dissolution of the order (1561), Livonia was contested by Poland, Russia, and Sweden, finally becoming a Russian province in 1783. In 1918 Livonia was divided between Estonia and Latvia.

Li·vo′ni·an n. & adj.


1. (Placename) a former Russian province on the Baltic, north of Lithuania: became Russian in 1721; divided between Estonia and Latvia in 1918
2. (Placename) a city in SE Michigan, west of Detroit. Pop: 99 487 (2003 est)


(lɪˈvoʊ ni ə)

1. a former Russian province on the Baltic: now part of Latvia and Estonia.
2. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 105,099.
Li•vo′ni•an, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Livonia - a region on the Baltic that is divided between northern Estonia and southern Latvia
Esthonia, Estonia, Republic of Estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
Latvia, Republic of Latvia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
References in periodicals archive ?
Unperturbed Kenya coach John Van Liefland said the boys and girls are all ready for the event.
Tenders are invited for Renovation OPDC Utrecht - From Liefland Avenue Utrecht.
27-36) setzt sich Urmas Sutrop mit dem 'Versuch einer alten Geographie von Liefland, zu besser'm Verstand der alten (lieflandischen) Geschichtschreiber.
Atlas von Liefland and Ehstland, oder von den beyden Gouvernements and Herzogthumern Lief- and Ehstland and der Provinz Oesel.
Syne is 'n oeuvre wat veral sedert Die onderwaterweg (1996) 'n sterk stygende lyn getoon het, en met Opslagsomer (2001), Liefland (2004) en nou Sloper 'n peil handhaaf wat respek afdwing.
Toppers: Jan De Clercq, director BFD/Lumiere; Carolyn van Liefland, director BFD/Inspire
Since 2002, Berlin-based Dutch artist Joep van Liefland has installed more or less ephemeral franchises of his Video Palace in places ranging from parking lots to art galleries.
I have a statement from Dr Mark van Liefland, who gave the injections.