The term muckraker quickly became established in popular use as a name for reform writers such as Lincoln Steffens
, Ida M.
Before he was president, Roosevelt had been an ardent admirer of muckraking journalists like Lincoln Steffens
and Upton Sinclair.
Howe and Lincoln Steffens
, cynical conservative Albert Jay Nock, disenchanted politicians such as former South Dakota Senator Richard F.
Praised by William James, Lippmann was at one time assistant to George Santayana, later a researcher for the famous muckraker Lincoln Steffens
, and went on to be a political columnist and foreign affairs analyst.
People like to go back to George Washington calling it Rogue's Island and Lincoln Steffens
calling it a state for sale on the cheap,'' he said.
Morgan, Wall Street and big steel; and Lincoln Steffens
described how party bosses and officials in cities all over the country made corrupt deals.
It was this stoicism, I think, that informed his writing, his biographies, which also included a life of Lincoln Steffens
in 1974, and When the Astors Owned New York (2006), the life of a hotel dynasty and the money-grubbing lives behind it.
s and Taft's very different relationships with muckraking reporters--especially the big three, Ray Stannard Baker, Ida Tarbell, and Lincoln Steffens
, who worked at the Progressive magazine, McClures, headed by S.
The roster of scholars, journalists, and activists La Follette encountered, either directly or indirectly, included Adolph Berle, Edwin Borchard, William Jennings Bryan, Eugene Debs, Frederic Howe, Albert Jay Nock, Amos Pinchot, Walter Rauschenbusch, John Reed, Lincoln Steffens
, and Thorstein Veblen, among others--a strikingly heterodox group.
When the firebrand journalist Lincoln Steffens
first visited Lenin's Russia, he gained immortality for naively commenting: "I have seen the future - and it works.
He was," writes Bridges, "a muckraker a quarter century before Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens
, and Ida Tarbell were given that name for blasting abuses and corruption in America.
Tucker, and Emma Goldman; the dissident economists Henry George, Brooks Adams; and Thorstein Veblen; the militant liberals John Peter Altgeld, Lincoln Steffens
, and Randolph Bourne; and the socialists Daniel De Leon, Eugene V.