Related to Lipans: Lipan Apache


n. pl. Lipan or Li·pans
1. A member of an Apache tribe formerly inhabiting western Texas, with a present-day population in southern New Mexico.
2. The Apachean language of this tribe.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moonbeam glances up and down Elizabeth Street, looking for a reason not to go back inside the Smiths' and finish her chores, when around the corner come Strong Water and Blue Falls, two Lipans--the Lipans are fiercer than most Indians, but friendly with the gringos--astride two handsome mounts, followed by a heavily loaded pinto mustang, a typical prairie horse (if someone offers a good price, it's for sale).
Perhaps the Lipans were all that were left of these people by reservation days.
I Fought A Good Fight: History of the Lipan Apaches is a thoroughly researched, scholarly examination of the Lipan Apaches (one of multiple Apache groups) of the American Southwest, from the earliest archaeological evidence to the diaspora that spread surviving Lipans amid a variety of other ethnic groups across a wide geographical range.
In 1844, under the direction of Major Neighbors, "the Republic of Texas signed a 'Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Commerce' with the Commanches, Keechies, Wacoes, Caddoes, Anadarkoes, Ionies, Delawares, Shawnees, Cherokees, Lipans and Tawakonies" (Koch 1925b, 263).
In 1845, President Anson Jones appointed him as Indian agent for the Lipan and Tonkawa tribes.
Mescaleros claim that Lipan Apaches formerly had Mountain Spirit dancers, though they had already been lost to Lipan tradition when a small remnant of Lipans joined the Mescalero tribe in the early 1900s.
After a brief stint in Texas, they crossed into Mexico in July 1850 and negotiated for land and provisions; the president of Mexico approved their land grant near Piedras Negras but exacted a price-military service, against the Lipans and Comanches, among others.
I'm sending you across the Rio Grande after the Lipans, Kickapoos, and the Apaches.
I'm burning out everything in my path-everything Kickapoo, Lipan, and Apache, and anything else that the darkness fails to distinguish.
Apart from general and indirect information, the documents listed mention the following specific peoples: Apaches, Bidais, Carrizos, Chafalotes, Cholones, Cimarrones, Comanches, Karankawas, Limas, Lipans, Mayos, Mescaleros, Moquis, Natages, Navajos, Norterios, Opatas, Orcoquizas, Papagos, Pericus, Platos, Pimas, Pueblos, Salineros, Seris, Sibupapas, Sobaipuris, Sumas, Tarahumares, Texas, Tepocas, Tiburones, Tumanes, Yaquis, Yumas, and Yutas.
The Lipan Apaches: People of Wind and Lightning is a studious examination of the history of the Lipan Apaches, a Native American tribal group that played a major role in Texas history for at least four centuries.