In a two-page section on women Nobel Laureates, Scheckel gives specific numbers but only some names on the first page, then spends the second page discussing Lise Meitner
, who did not actually receive a Nobel prize (wrongly, according to some).
1938: Based on observations by her German colleague Otto Hahn, Jewish physicist Lise Meitner
works out the first model of nuclear fission.
Ball cites historian Alan Beyerchen's account of an agonized conversation with Lise Meitner
over the first wave of anti-Semitic dismissals: "'What should I do?
Sus santos eran los esposos Curie (incluyendo a esa genial mujer que fue Marie Sklodowska) o cientificos como Max Planck, Lord Rutherford, Enrico Fermi, Otto Hahn y la olvidada y tragica Lise Meitner
que es quiza la madre teorica de la bomba.
En 1938 tuvo lugar la fision del uranio por Otto Hahn, Strassmann y Lise Meitner
Among those who faced exclusion by the anti-Semitic laws were Albert Einstein, Max Born, Eugene Wigner, James Franck, Hans Bethe, Felix Bloch, Rudolf Peierls, Lise Meitner
, and Samuel Goudsmit.
And there are many others -- nuclear physicist Lise Meitner
, environmental pioneer Rachel Carson, mathematician Ada Lovelace, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist Gertrude Elion, and astronaut Sally Ride.
In 1938, Otto Hahn (1879-1968), collaborating with Fritz Strassmann in Germany and Lise Meitner
(who escaped to the US in 1938), discovered nuclear fission, producing barium after bombarding uranium with neutrons.
Printed on these beakers are graphs and texts, including a transcript of a secretly taped conversation that took place, just after the A-bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, between German nuclear physicists incarcerated by the Allies for their ostensible roles in Germany's "uranium project," which explored how nuclear fission (discovered by Otto Hahn and Lise Meitner
in 1938) might aid in the war effort.
The paper, by Lise Meitner
and her nephew Otto Frisch (both Jewish physicists exiled from pre-war Germany) ended half a decade of confusion in the world of nuclear physics, starting in 1934 when Enrico Fermi first experimentally bombarded uranium with neutrons (a type of subatomic particle) and incorrectly interpreted the results.
wrote this article, Otto Hahn, Lise Meitner
, and their colleagues achieved (and explained) nuclear fission.
Un caso representativo de esta historia es el de Lise Meitner
que trabajo con Otto Hahn y Fritz Strassmann en el Kaiser Wilhelm Institut de Quimica en Berlin, colaborando en el estudio de la fision nuclear.