understanding(redirected from Listening comprehension)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
un•der•stand•ing(ˌʌn dərˈstæn dɪŋ)
Both comprehension and understanding can be used to talk about someone's ability to understand something.
If you have an understanding of something, you have some knowledge of it, or you know how it works or what it means.
You cannot use comprehension with this meaning.
Understanding has another meaning. If there is understanding between people, they are friendly towards each other and trust each other.
|Noun||1.||understanding - the cognitive condition of someone who understands; "he has virtually no understanding of social cause and effect"|
knowing - a clear and certain mental apprehension
comprehension - an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result); "how you can do that is beyond my comprehension"; "he was famous for his comprehension of American literature"
self-knowledge - an understanding of yourself and your goals and abilities
smattering - a slight or superficial understanding of a subject
appreciation, grasp, hold - understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something; "he has a good grasp of accounting practices"
grasping - understanding with difficulty; "the lecture was beyond his most strenuous graspings"
hindsight - understanding the nature of an event after it has happened; "hindsight is always better than foresight"
|2.||understanding - the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises; "they had an agreement that they would not interfere in each other's business"; "there was an understanding between management and the workers"|
fair-trade agreement - an agreement (illegal in the United States) between the manufacturer of a trademarked item of merchandise and its retail distributors to sell the item at a price at or above the price set by the manufacturer
covenant - (Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
unilateral contract - a one-sided agreement whereby you promise to do (or refrain from doing) something in return for a performance (not a promise)
sales agreement, sale - an agreement (or contract) in which property is transferred from the seller (vendor) to the buyer (vendee) for a fixed price in money (paid or agreed to be paid by the buyer); "the salesman faxed the sales agreement to his home office"
statement - a message that is stated or declared; a communication (oral or written) setting forth particulars or facts etc; "according to his statement he was in London on that day"
term, condition - (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement; "the contract set out the conditions of the lease"; "the terms of the treaty were generous"
bargain, deal - an agreement between parties (usually arrived at after discussion) fixing obligations of each; "he made a bargain with the devil"; "he rose to prominence through a series of shady deals"
working agreement - an informal agreement to work together
gentlemen's agreement - a personal agreement based on honor and not legally binding
written agreement - a legal document summarizing the agreement between parties
submission - an agreement between parties in a dispute to abide by the decision of an arbiter
oral contract - an agreement that is not in writing and is not signed by the parties but is a real existing contract that lacks only the formal requirement of a memorandum to render it enforceable in litigation
reservation - the written record or promise of an arrangement by which accommodations are secured in advance
settlement - a conclusive resolution of a matter and disposition of it
severance agreement - an agreement on the terms on which an employee will leave
suicide pact - an agreement by two or more people to commit suicide together at a given place and time; "the two lovers killed themselves in a suicide pact"
|3.||understanding - an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinion; "his sympathies were always with the underdog"; "I knew I could count on his understanding"|
|4.||understanding - the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; "we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil"|
|Adj.||1.||understanding - characterized by understanding based on comprehension and discernment and empathy; "an understanding friend"|
perceptive - having the ability to perceive or understand; keen in discernment; "a perceptive eye"; "a perceptive observation"
perception ignorance, incomprehension, obtuseness
agreement dispute, disagreement
sympathetic insensitive, unsympathetic, inconsiderate, intolerant, unfeeling, strict
"Shallow understanding from people of good will is more frustrating than absolute misunderstanding from people of ill will" [Martin Luther King Jr Letter from Birmingham Jail]
"The ill and unfit choice of words wonderfully obstructs the understanding" [Francis Bacon Novum Organum]
"I shall light a candle of understanding in thine heart, which shall not be put out" Bible: II Esdras
to be understanding about sth → ser comprensivo (respecto a algo)
she was very understanding about it → fue muy comprensiva
it was beyond my understanding → iba más allá de mi entendimiento
the peace that passeth all understanding (Bible) → la paz que sobrepasa a todo entendimiento
we need to test children's understanding of facts → hay que poner a prueba la comprensión que los niños tienen de los hechos
our understanding of these processes is still poor → todavía no comprendemos muy bien estos procesos
a basic understanding of computers is essential → se necesitan unos conocimientos básicos de informática
to have a better or greater understanding of sth (= comprehend better) → entender or comprender mejor algo; (= be more aware of) → tener mayor or más conciencia de algo
to have little/no understanding of sth → saber muy poco/nada de algo
a shift in public understanding of the issues of crime and punishment → un cambio de la conciencia pública con respecto a la cuestión de los crímenes y los castigos
what's your understanding of the Prime Minister's statement? → ¿cómo interpreta usted la declaración del Primer Ministro? → ¿cuál es su interpretación de la declaración del Primer Ministro?
that's my understanding of the situation → esa es mi interpretación de la situación, así es como veo or interpreto la situación
thank you for your kindness and understanding → le agradezco su amabilidad y comprensión
to show no/little understanding of sth → no mostrar comprensión/mostrar muy poca comprensión hacia algo
to come to an understanding (with sb) → llegar a un acuerdo (con algn)
to have an understanding (with sb) → tener un acuerdo (con algn)
on the understanding that → a condición de que + subjun
on the understanding that he pays → a condición de que pague
to reach an understanding (with sb) → llegar a un acuerdo (con algn)
She's very understanding → Elle est très compréhensive.
Fortunately, he had an understanding wife → Heureusement, sa femme était compréhensive.
The job requires an understanding of Spanish → Le poste exige une bonne compréhension de l'espagnol.
to have an understanding of sth → avoir une bonne compréhension de qch
They have to have a basic understanding of computers → Ils doivent avoir une bonne compréhension de l'informatique de base.
to have little understanding of sth → méconnaître qch
to have a better understanding of sth → avoir une meilleure compréhension de qch
There was an understanding between us → Nous avions un arrangement.
to come to an understanding with sb → parvenir à un arrangement avec qn
to come to an understanding with sb about sth → parvenir à un arrangement avec qn sur la question de qch
on the understanding that ... → étant bien entendu que ...
She showed great love and understanding → Elle fit preuve de beaucoup d'amour et de compréhension.
There was complete understanding between us → Il y avait une entente totale entre nous.
greater understanding between → une meilleure entente entre
My understanding is there has been a thorough investigation → À ce que je comprends, il y a eu une enquête approfondie.
Our understanding is that they wanted to be in Washington → À ce que nous comprenons, ils voulaient être à Washington.
his understanding of the situation is that ... → il modo in cui vede la situazione è che...
it was my understanding that ... → quello che ho capito io era che...+ sub