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Related to Lithologies: lithological


1. The gross physical character of a rock or rock formation.
2. The microscopic study, description, and classification of rock.

lith′o·log′ic (lĭth′ə-lŏj′ĭk), lith′o·log′i·cal adj.
lith′o·log′i·cal·ly adv.
li·thol′o·gist n.


1. (Geological Science) the physical characteristics of a rock, including colour, composition, and texture
2. (Geological Science) the study of rocks
lithologic, ˌlithoˈlogical adj
ˌlithoˈlogically adv
liˈthologist n


(lɪˈθɒl ə dʒi)

a. (loosely) petrology.
b. the physical characteristics of a rock or stratigraphic unit.
lith`o•log′ic (-əˈlɒdʒ ɪk) lith`o•log′i•cal, adj.
lith`o•log′i•cal•ly, adv.


the branch of geology that studies the mineral composition and structure of rocks, usu. macroscopically. Cf. petrography.lithologic, lithological, adj.
See also: Geology


The study of rocks, especially their composition and texture.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.lithology - the branch of geology that studies rocks: their origin and formation and mineral composition and classification
geomorphology, morphology - the branch of geology that studies the characteristics and configuration and evolution of rocks and land forms
References in periodicals archive ?
Now that LSC has access to the ground, an exploration program is currently being designed to investigate the presence of lithium-bearing brine and lithologies on the property.
Electrical resistivity surveying (ERS) has been widely used to explore subsurface lithologies and electrical properties ofthe layered media to assess groundwater potential.
Geologists present a guidebook to an area of the US Midwest that has a wide range of geologic lithologies, structures, stratigraphy, and geomorphology and lies at the boundary of the glacial and driftless regions of the Quaternary.
The fine aggregates were washed and consisted of a RS and five CSs of different lithologies, including dolomite (DL), limestone (LS), granite (GR), basalt (BA), and quartz (QZ).
Reasonably good correspondence of the original core lithologies made possible the approximate placement of the foraminifera horizons within the Cannonball Formation part of the Long Core.
The purpose of this study was to identify and map the lithologies in previously unmapped areas, with a focus on the region assumed to be the crater's center.
Graphite appears to be preferentially developed within the marble units; some crystals can be present locally in any of the metasedimentary lithologies.
From recent drilling results, it is clear that the target zone in PEL 218 (Beach 90%) goes beyond shale and incorporates other lithologies that are also gas saturated.
This pocket (4x7") guide explains how to recognize common lithologies, textures, and structures of sedimentary rocks and how these features can be measured and recorded in the field, particularly through the construction of graphic logs.
Detection of silicic minerals at these locations is significant, as they occur in areas previously shown to exhibit anomalously high abundances of the element thorium, another proxy for highly evolved lithologies.