Diversity of floral visitors to sympatric Lithophragma
species differing in floral morphology.
Lepidium latifolium Leucanthemum vulgare Linaria vulgaris Lithophragma
Plant-butterfly interactions in South-central Idaho, sorted by butterfly species (generic epithet), 2003-2007 Butterfly Butterfly (scientific (scientific Plant Plant name) name) (nectar) (other) Anthocharis Sara Lithophragma
sara Lucas Orangetip parviflora, Phlox longifolia Artogeia Cabbage Cirsium rapae (L.
For example, the interactions between tritons, Taricha granulosa, and snakes, Thamnophis sirtalis (Brodie, Ridenhour and Brodie, 2002), and between moths, Greya politella, and woodland star Lithophragma
parviflorum (Thompson and Pellmyr, 1992) present evidence of evolution for only one of the interacting species.
Known cases of both pollinating and seed-consuming interactions between plants and their pollinators include Silene vulgaris and Hadena moths (Pettersson 1991a, Pettersson 1992a), Lithophragma and Greya moths (Thompson and Pellmyr 1992, Davis et al.
Greya politella moths are effective pollinators but are commensalistic with Lithophragma in years or populations where co-pollinators are abundant because their positive effects on seed set are masked by co-pollinators (Thompson and Pellmyr 1992, Pellmyr et al.
Tiarella and Lithophragma comprise three and nine species, respectively.
1991a) used the same suite of taxa studied herein, with the exception that two additional species of Lithophragma were included in that study (L.
Throughout most of the currently known range, the moths pollinate and lay eggs into the flowers of Lithophragma.
politella pollinate Lithophragma plants passively while ovipositing through the corolla into the ovary.
Such evolutionary lability was shown in studies at the species level for two genera in Saxifragaceae, Lithophragma (Kuzoffet al.
Phylogenetic relationships within Lithophragma (Saxifragaceae): Hybridization, allopolyploidy, and ovary diversification.