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A country of north-central Europe on the Baltic Sea. Settled perhaps as early as 1500 bc, the area was unified in the 1200s and became one of the largest states of medieval Europe. Lithuania merged with Poland in 1569 but was absorbed into Russia by three partitions of Poland (1772, 1793, and 1795). The independent country of Lithuania existed from 1918 to 1940, when it became a constituent republic of the USSR. Occupied by Germany from 1941 to 1944, it reverted to Soviet rule after World War II and was known as the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic before achieving independence in 1991. Vilnius is the capital and the largest city.
(Placename) a republic in NE Europe, on the Baltic Sea: a grand duchy in medieval times; united with Poland in 1569; occupied by Russia in 1795 and by Germany during World War I; independent Lithuania formed in 1918, but occupied by Soviet troops in 1919 and then by Poland; became a Soviet republic in 1940; unilaterally declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1990; recognized as independent in 1991; joined the EU in 2004. Official language: Lithuanian. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: litas. Capital: Vilnius. Pop: 3 515 858 (2013 est). Area: 65 200 sq km (25 174 sq miles). Also called: Lithuanian Republic Lithuanian name: Lietuva
Lith•u•a•ni•a(ˌlɪθ uˈeɪ ni ə)
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|Noun||1.||Lithuania - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea|
Klaipeda, Memel - a city in western Lithuania on the Baltic Sea; formerly an important trading town of the Hanseatic League
capital of Lithuania, Vilna, Vilnius, Vilno, Wilno - the capital and largest city of Lithuania; located in southeastern Lithuania
Lithuanian - a native or inhabitant of Lithuania
Lithuania[ˌlɪθjʊˈeɪnɪə] N → Lituania f
Lithuania[ˌlɪθjuˈeɪniə] n → Lituanie f
n → Litauen nt