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 (lĭ-vō′nē-ə, -vōn′yə)
A region of north-central Europe in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Originally settled by the Livs, a Finnic people, the area was conquered in the 1200s by German knights, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. After the dissolution of the order (1561), Livonia was contested by Poland, Russia, and Sweden, finally becoming a Russian province in 1783. In 1918 Livonia was divided between Estonia and Latvia.

Li·vo′ni·an n. & adj.


1. (Placename) a former Russian province on the Baltic, north of Lithuania: became Russian in 1721; divided between Estonia and Latvia in 1918
2. (Placename) a city in SE Michigan, west of Detroit. Pop: 99 487 (2003 est)


(lɪˈvoʊ ni ə)

1. a former Russian province on the Baltic: now part of Latvia and Estonia.
2. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 105,099.
Li•vo′ni•an, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Livonia - a region on the Baltic that is divided between northern Estonia and southern Latvia
Esthonia, Estonia, Republic of Estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
Latvia, Republic of Latvia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
References in periodicals archive ?
Die Chorleiter kamen aus dem Ritter-schaftlichen Parochiallehrer-Seminar zu Livland, dessen Leiter Janis Cimze (1814-1881) war.
Currently, Julander is the CEO of Linc AB, which invests in life sciences, and a member of the boards of Bringwell AB, Linc AB, Livland Skog AB, Pharmalink AB, Proequo AB, Sedana Medical AB, Stille AB and Swevet AB and of a number of smaller companies.
Wann und woher ist der deutsche Kaufmann nach Livland gekommen: Eine numismatische Studie.
34 Samogitia is presented in the map of Livonia vulgo Lyefland (Livonia commonly known as Livland (Latvia and Estonia) by Johannes Blaeu has been reproduced from Atlas Maior Sive Cosmographia Blaeuiana, 1662.
51) Thus, for example, in a petition to the emperor in 1864, the nobility of Livland sought to intercede on behalf of the local population "which is suffering under the yoke of coercion of conscience" (pod gnetom prinuzhdeniia sovesti).
One of the initiators of issuing the Estonian Bible, the Superintendent-General of Livland Johann Fischer (1633-1705) called the conflict that flared up because of the form of writing Buchstaben Krieg (The Spelling War):
Valverde Abril, "Al margen de los manuscritos latinos de la Political"; Toon Van Hal, "Justus Lipsius's Discovery of the Wachtendonck Psalms: A Controversial Contribution to Old Germanic Language Study"; Kristi Viiding, "Neulateinische Reisemethodik in Livland im 17.
Petersburg and Moscow, as well as the Eastland and Livland barons, denied any connections with the Volga Germans, even on the bases of ethnicity.
Rakvere romaan, 1982) two favorite motifs: republicanism and the desire for freedom and independence among the middle and agricultural classes in the Russian-owned, Baltic-German-administered Estland and Livland in the 1750s.
1981), 238f; Udo Arnold, "Engelbert III, Graf von der Mark, seine Kreuzfahrten in das Heilige Land, nach Livland und nach Preussen," Acta Prussica (Wurzburg, 1968); Manfred Hellmann, "Der Deutsche Orden in Livland," Die Rolle der Ritterorden in der Mittelalterlichen Kultur (Torun, 1985), 111-115; Norbert Angermann, ed.
Heinrich's des Letten AaAaAeAnltes Chronik von Livland.