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 (lĭ-vō′nē-ə, -vōn′yə)
A region of north-central Europe in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Originally settled by the Livs, a Finnic people, the area was conquered in the 1200s by German knights, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. After the dissolution of the order (1561), Livonia was contested by Poland, Russia, and Sweden, finally becoming a Russian province in 1783. In 1918 Livonia was divided between Estonia and Latvia.

Li·vo′ni·an n. & adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Placename) a former Russian province on the Baltic, north of Lithuania: became Russian in 1721; divided between Estonia and Latvia in 1918
2. (Placename) a city in SE Michigan, west of Detroit. Pop: 99 487 (2003 est)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(lɪˈvoʊ ni ə)

1. a former Russian province on the Baltic: now part of Latvia and Estonia.
2. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 105,099.
Li•vo′ni•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Livonia - a region on the Baltic that is divided between northern Estonia and southern Latvia
Esthonia, Estonia, Republic of Estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
Latvia, Republic of Latvia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 EQUITYBITES-February 18, 2019--Tint World(R) Automotive opens first Michigan store in Livonia
Auto Business News-February 18, 2019--Tint World(R) Automotive opens first Michigan store in Livonia
The architectural design for Livonia 4, a 420-plus housing development on four sites in the Brownsville neighborhood of Brooklyn, has been awarded to Magnusson Architecture and Planning PC (MAP).
A boil-water advisory was issued to the residents of Livonia, Michigan, after a water main break on Interstate-36 (I-36) near Middlebelt on Thursday.
Internet, Cable & Phone (NYSE: WOW), one of the nation's broadband providers, has announced the availability of broadband speeds up to 1 gigabit per second (Gbps) in Farmington, Michigan following continued expansion of the company's Detroit and Livonia network, the company said.
Located in Livonia, MI, MedCart Pharmacy services numerous long-term care facilities in Michigan.
Livonia Plaza is a 137,391 square foot grocery store-anchored shopping center in Livonia, Michigan, a suburb 18 miles west of Detroit.
Mary Helen Diegel is an Educator in the Livonia Public School system.
Situated between Vilnius, Riga and Tartu, Livonia was a Polish-Lithuanian outpost that was dead for good in 1945.
Livonia, and pretty much all of Macomb County were basically all white
Since then, he has held leadership roles at the Eastern Michigan University Foundation in Ypsilanti; the Schoolcraft College Foundation in Livonia; the University of Chicago and at Wayne State University.