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A region of north-central Europe in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Originally settled by the Livs, a Finnic people, the area was conquered in the 1200s by German knights, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. After the dissolution of the order (1561), Livonia was contested by Poland, Russia, and Sweden, finally becoming a Russian province in 1783. In 1918 Livonia was divided between Estonia and Latvia.
Li·vo′ni·an n. & adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
(Placename) of or relating to Livonia, a former Russian Baltic province, or its inhabitants
(Placename) a native or inhabitant of Livonia
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
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|Noun||1.||Livonian - a member of the Livonian-speaking people of Latvia|
Latvian - a native or inhabitant of Latvia
|2.||Livonian - the Finnic language spoken by the people of Livonia in Estonia and Latvia|
Baltic-Finnic - a group of Finnic languages including Finnish and Estonian
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