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 (lĭ-vō′nē-ə, -vōn′yə)
A region of north-central Europe in southern Estonia and northern Latvia. Originally settled by the Livs, a Finnic people, the area was conquered in the 1200s by German knights, the Livonian Brothers of the Sword. After the dissolution of the order (1561), Livonia was contested by Poland, Russia, and Sweden, finally becoming a Russian province in 1783. In 1918 Livonia was divided between Estonia and Latvia.

Li·vo′ni·an n. & adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Placename) a former Russian province on the Baltic, north of Lithuania: became Russian in 1721; divided between Estonia and Latvia in 1918
2. (Placename) a city in SE Michigan, west of Detroit. Pop: 99 487 (2003 est)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(lɪˈvoʊ ni ə)

1. a former Russian province on the Baltic: now part of Latvia and Estonia.
2. a city in SE Michigan, near Detroit. 105,099.
Li•vo′ni•an, adj., n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Livonia - a region on the Baltic that is divided between northern Estonia and southern Latvia
Esthonia, Estonia, Republic of Estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
Latvia, Republic of Latvia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
17 is presented detailed map of Livonija by Dudley Robert, Sir (1574-1649) with a part of the coast which commences with Lockston and finishes with Port Derliuen, showing coastal towns, harbours and islands.
Is tikro Albertas Vaitiekus Kojalavicius-Vijukas (i6i7-i674) pries 360 metu parasytoje "Lietuvos istorijoje" rase: "Vis delto del vieno dalyko visi sutaria: visoje europines Sarmatijos dalyje, apimancioje Prusija, Zemaitija, Kursa, Livonija, Estija, Lietuva, Jotvingija arba Po-leksija ir kai kurias kitas zemes, gerokai toliau nuo Ve-nedu juros esancias, kitados gyvenusias tautas, kuriu ir kalba, ir kilme bendra su lietuviais" (Kojalavicius i988: 44).