The passports focus specifically on the saying Cymru, Lloegr a Llanrwst (Wales, England and Llanrwst) which is thought to be derived from a statement by Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, Llywelyn the Last
, acknowledging the town as a Free Independent Borough in 1276.
In 1276, Llywelyn the Last
announced that the town of Llanrwst was independent of the diocese of St Asaph and could be considered an independent state within Wales.
The Cardiff-born star says he is determined to make a Welsh equivalent of Mel Gibson's Scottish freedom fighting movie for the big screen by bringing to life the story of Llywelyn The Last
According to legend, Llanrumney Hall was built on the resting place of the final Welsh prince of Wales, Llywelyn the Last
. He is said to have been entombed in a stone coffin by the monks in 1282 on the land where the building now stands.
Huw also looks into the legacy of Hywel Dda, who gave Wales its first written laws - some with a surprisingly modern flavour - visits the abbey at Strata Florida in Ceredigion, reviews the impact of the death of Llywelyn the Last
, acknowledged by the English King as Prince of Wales, and tells of the rebellious exploits of probably Wales's greatest hero, Owain Glyndwr, who anointed himself with the latter title after being roundly snubbed by Parliament when he took a grievance to them.
Today a 1966 memorial near Builth Wells marks the place where Llywelyn the Last
met his end.
LLYWELYN AP GRUFFUDD Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, also known as Llywelyn Ein Llyw Olaf (Llywelyn the Last
), was Prince of Wales from 1258 until his death.
So, no, we may not today be fighting against the Normans like Llywelyn the Last
or breaking our backs down the coalmines, but Wales is still neglected, exploited and trodden on.
Edward I might have chosen to rebuild Deganwy Castle, built by Henry III and destroyed by Llywelyn the Last
I have pieces which respond to the story of the Princess Gwenllian, only daughter of Llywelyn the Last
, while more recent work uses the words of Emrys ap Iwan which challenge us to maintain, defend and use our language.
Some form of masonry castle was present on the motte during the 1260s, when Llywelyn the Last
met Simon de Montfort's son Henry and was granted possession of the stronghold.
Gruffydd was the great nephew of Llywelyn the Last
, hero of the wars with Edward III and the Black Prince.