Lobengula


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Lobengula

(ˌləʊbənˈɡjuːlə)
n
(Biography) ?1836–94, last Matabele king (1870–93); his kingdom was destroyed by the British
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At Inyati, the outlying trading station in the Matabele country, of which Lobengula (a great and cruel scoundrel) is king, with many regrets we parted from our comfortable wagon.
In 1887, a representative of the Transvaal signed a treaty of friendship with the Ndebele king, Lobengula (Mzilikazi's son).
Francis Thompson, the Yorkshireman used by Cecil Rhodes to trick Lobengula to hand over his kingdom to the Perfidious Albion in 1888, records in his half-finished book (which his daughter completed and published in 1936; Thompson died in 1927) that the huge disagreement within the Ndebele royal family was about which of two candidates--Lobengula and Nkulumani, both sons of the recently deceased King Mzilikazi--should ascend the throne.
Selous was to arrive in Matabeleland in 1872 as a youth of eighteen, and he secured permission from Mzilikazi's successor Lobengula, basically to follow in Baldwin's footsteps--from which he would create "Hunter's Road", a wagon track from Bulawayo to the Hartley Hills.
Nor has the diaspora made much of a contribution except for websites which offer a glorification of Ndebele kingship and call on Britain to renounce the concessions made by Lobengula so as to 'restore sovereignty'.
The first step north was towards the Zambezi, where in 1888 his representatives obtained mining concessions from the Ndebele king, Lobengula, in return for 1,000 rifles--mostly surplus Snider-Enfields and later some Martini-Henrys--and a "monthly rent" of [pounds sterling]100.
This is why praise poets in Ndebele disagreed and criticized Lobengula for his indiscriminate killing of his brothers to secure the throne.
The first volume (published in 1979) described the establishment of a Jesuit house near Gubuluwayo (in what is now Zimbabwe), the capital of Lobengula, chief of the Ndebele.
In 1888 Lobengula, the Ndebele ruler of the region that is now Zimbabwe, signed an agreement, granting mineral rights to the British South African Company, which then occupies most of the territory, calling it Rhodesia.
Meredith's narrative is heavily researched yet comes alive with colorful portrayals of personalities ranging from rakish prospector Cecil Rhodes (founder of the DeBeers company) who absconded with a fortune manipulating diamond and gold markets, to nationalists like Paul Kruger who fought tirelessly for their land and people, to native kings like Lobengula who were trapped amid the Europeans' struggle.
Meredith writes captivatingly of characters like DeBeer's founder, Cecil Rhodes, native king Lobengula, and nationalist Paul Kruger.
Rhodes had been at the court of King Lobengula and had tricked him with a mistranslated document into signing away his lands.