But now, should you go thither to seek him, you would inquire in vain for the Locofoco
The history of locofocoism is far too detailed for adequate coverage here, but the locofocos did partially retake the Democratic Party, reshaping its policy positions and philosophy.
They were not all locofocos, but they did imbibe the locofocos' romantic respect for republicanism, their emphasis on the class nature of U.S.
(37) As the Working Men's Party transformed into the Equal Rights Party (or Locofocos), Smith was again nominated, this time to stand for governor in the 1836 election.
Many of those within his personal network in the Locofocos were also prominent Freemasons, which, like their affiliation with the Democrats, placed them in opposition to the emerging antimasonic-evangelical alliance in the Whig Party.
Sir, that party is the palladium of our freedom[.] Sir, the Locofocos
would utterly destroy this nation in five years, if they had their own way.
One can find numerous exceptions to this simple statement, including Jackson's defense of the protective tariff during the Nullification crisis of 1832-33, or the existence of pro-banking Democrats who opposed the more fundamentalist Locofocos
during the 1830s.
Wilson was an avid hater of members of the opposing party, whom he ridiculed as "Locofocos
," an old term for one New York faction.
The campaign, like the revival, would turn the community into the ways of righteousness through the multiplying of individual "conversions." Whigs sang lustily of "penitent Locofocos
," apostates returning to the fold "like a prodigal son," and "political sinners" groaning on the "anxious seat." Interceding to protect a heckler at a New York meeting in 1856, a Methodist demanded, "let him stay, he came to scoff, he may remain to pray." Presidential candidates were stewards of righteousness, agents of personal and national salvation: Whigs characterized Clay as "the redeemer of the country"; Brownlow called him a "Moses" who would help his people "gain the promised land!"(17)
Hands cup, clap, as if they were locofocos
, trying to strike a palm-sized flame.
A corollary to these programmatic points was the demand for a "hard money" economy based on gold and silver specie as a counterweight to the rising tide of paper money, credit, and speculation foisted on the nation by an unelected cabal of "monied aristocrats." (43) Locofocos
had tapped into the mother-lode of mass antipathy toward banks, which spread as far as Ohio where by 1835-36 the state legislature granted only 1 of the 34 petitions requesting local bank charters.
(5) When Slamm on June 13th announced his retirement from the New Era to start the daily Plebeian, he included paragraphs from the Aurora and the Evening Post that wished him success with the new enterprise and commented on his gentlemanly character, despite the abuse he had received--the New York Herald had been particularly brutal toward Slamm, turning his name into a byword, "Slamm, Bang, Ming & Co.," for opportunistic locofoco