Entre las plantas americanas con efecto psicoactivo se destacan Erythroxylum coca (coca), Banisteriopsis caapi (yaje o ayahuasca), Lophophora
williamsii (peyote), Echinopsis lageniformis (achuma), Nicotiana tabacum (tabaco) Anadenanthera colubrina y A.
Monitoreo de Lophophora
difusa, cactacea endemica a la region arida de Queretaro.
Debido a sus propiedades medicinales y alucinogenas, el peyote (Lophophora
williamsii), desempena un papel primordial en curaciones y practicas rituales.
The twelve contributions that make up the main body of the text are focused on the decline of the genus lophophora
in Texas; peyote in the colonial imagination; peyote, Christianity, and constitutional law; and a variety of other related subjects.
Finally, the cacti, Lophophora
williamsii (peyote), Coryphantha ramillosa and Epithelantha micromeris were found only in poorly developed soils with calcareous "old" rocks composed mainly of calcium carbonate and silica, derived from limestone flint.
Even though clonality is widespread in vascular plants and found in several genera in the Cactaceae (e.g., Backebergia, Cylindropuntia, Echinocereus, Lophophora
, Mammillaria, Opuntia, Stenocereus), the importance and effect on the breeding and mating systems has only recently been explored (Carrillo-Angeles et al., 2011).
A tale of two cacti: studies in Astrophytum asterias and Lophophora
Mescal beans (Sophora secundiflora) are small red beans that grow on small trees, while peyote (Lophophora
williamsii) is a small green cactus that grows on the ground.
"magic" mushrooms; (3) mescaline from cacti, such as peyote (Lophophora
williamsii) and San Pedro (Trichocereus spp.); (4) N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT) and preparations containing it, such as varieties of the brew ayahuasca, or the snuff yopo; (5) diviner's sage (Salvia divinorum); and (6) d-lysergic acid amide (LSA) contained in the seeds of morning glory (Ipomoea violacea) and Hawaiian baby woodrose (Argyreia nervosa) (Halpern & Sewell 2005; Nichols 2004).
You might develop an interesting case study or two in your classroom, for instance the use of the peyote cactus (Lophophora
williamsii), a hallucinogenic plant native to central and northern Mexico and the Rio Grande Valley of the southwestern United States.
And then we have a whole medicine cabinet full of different "psi-chedelic" plants and fungi in Mexico alone, ranging from the use of peyote cacti (Lophophora
Williamsii) by the Huichol Indians in the North (Slotkin, 1956), to teonanacatl (mushrooms of the Psilocybe genus) and ska pastora (Salvia divinorum) use by the Mazatecs in the South (Soutar, 2001; Wasson, 1962)--not to mention South America, where we find an enormous pharmacopeia of natural plant psychedelics that have been used traditionally for psychic purposes for millennia.