The House of Lords includes two different types of members: the Lords Spiritual
, consisting of the most senior bishops of the Church of England, and the Lords Temporal, consisting mainly of life peers, appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister, and of 92 hereditary peers, sitting either by virtue of holding a royal office, or by being elected by their fellow hereditary peers.
Early in the volume, Unn Falkeid identifies the chief protagonists of her narrative as Dante Alighieri, William of Ockham, Marsilius of Padua, Francis Petrarch, Brigitta of Sweden, and Catherina of Siena, as she narrates a tale of conflict between lords spiritual
and lords temporal.
It's the only Upper House in the world where there are more members - 800 - than elected MPs, and it's made up of "Lords Spiritual
A huge majority rallied to Nixon and Agnew, exposing how far out of touch with America our Lords Spiritual
and Lords Temporal had become.
In the House of Lords, the Lords Spiritual
are all Anglican bishops.
But the Lords Spiritual
(Women) Bill will allow any women who become diocesan bishops within the Church of England in the next decade to jump the queue.
"Most gracious sovereign", it began, "we, your Majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the Lords Spiritual
and Temporal in Parliament assembled, beg leave to congratulate Your Majesty, His Royal Highness the Duke of Edinburgh, their Royal Highnesses (that's enough royals, ed.) on the birth of a son..."
Of the 26 Church of England bishops who sit in the House, and are known as Lords Spiritual
, the Archbishops of Canterbury and York always have seats in the Lords, as do the Bishops of London, Durham and Winchester.
Up to 12 Lords Spiritual
(Archbishops/Bishops) and Ministerial members.
For example, in Britain, an "estate of the realm" is defined as: "An order or class of persons in a political community, regarded as a part of the body politic: usually regarded as being the lords temporal (peers), lords spiritual
and commons." In short, the media, being the "fourth estate", is the fourth arm of the state (or government)!
He will become one of the 26 Lords Spiritual
and takes his place following the retirement of the Bishop of Carlisle, Rt Rev Graham Dow.
In Jersey, the dean sits as a non-voting member of the States; (5) in the Westminster Parliament twenty-six bishops of the Church of England sit as the Lords Spiritual
in the House of Lords; (6) while in the Manx Tynwald the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man sits in the Legislative Council.