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A former kingdom of western Europe west of the Rhine River. Created in the partition of the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century, Lotharingia was split in the 10th century into the duchies of Lower Lotharingia (in the present-day Low Countries and northwest Germany) and Upper Lotharingia (present-day Lorraine).

Lo′tha·rin′gi·an n. & adj.
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3868), the earliest and most sumptuous, appears to have been written for someone in the court of Louis the Pious in Lotharingia (the border area of France and Germany), while P (Paris, Bibliotheque nationale de France, lat.
The province of Lorraine in France derives its name from Lotharingia.
The central part, to be known as Lotharingia, went to Lothar to whom also went both the imperial title and the capital city of Aachen.
This tension may have stemmed in part from the close alliance of Mezzabarba with the reform papacy's longtime supporters Beatrice of Tuscany and her husband Duke Godfrey of Lower Lotharingia.
However, in the 1920s, German settlers in the Volga Region still saw themselves as at least four distinct peoples: as Germans from the Germany proper and Germans from Austria, Lotharingia, and Luxemburg.
What is most significant here, perhaps, is not so much the pre-eminence of this or that monastery or locale but the overlapping contacts linking reformers in the tenth-century from Lotharingia and Germany to France to England.
A particularly dramatic example of the former can be seen in the printed map of Lotharingia from the 1513 Strasbourg edition of Ptolemy's Geography in which arms mark specific dominions on the map as well as decorate the frame.
But in the early days of his own kingship he married Theutberga, a member of a very powerful aristocratic family in Lotharingia.
He seems to agree with Phillips that ME could be as early as 850, and cites her provisional location of the source for the chant melodies they both use as Lotharingia.
The Hugonids were descendants of Lothar II, the last effective emperor of the middle kingdom of Lotharingia carved out between France and Germany for a branch of Charlemagne's lineage.
Since the counts of Boulogne were major landholders in England, this personal knowledge could most readily be explained by the assumption that Godfrey the Bastard was a son of Eustace III, rather than of Godfrey of Bouillon who had spent most of his adult life before the First Crusade in Lotharingia.