But what all England did not know De Vac had gleaned from scraps of conversation dropped in the armory: that Henry was even now negotiating with the leaders of foreign mercenaries, and with Louis IX
of France, for a sufficient force of knights and menat-arms to wage a relentless war upon his own barons that he might effectively put a stop to all future interference by them with the royal prerogative of the Plantagenets to misrule England.
Impossible to place our Cathedral in that other family of lofty, aerial churches, rich in painted windows and sculpture; pointed in form, bold in attitude; communal and bourgeois as political symbols; free, capricious, lawless, as a work of art; second transformation of architecture, no longer hieroglyphic, immovable and sacerdotal, but artistic, progressive, and popular, which begins at the return from the crusades, and ends with Louis IX
He ruled Egypt for an average of 67 years, he had two obelisks, one of them still exist and the other was donated by Mohammed Ali to Louis IX
, currently placed in "Concord Square" in Paris.
The city by the bay, named in 1699 for King Louis IX
of France, crusader and saint, is back, thriving and as pretty as ever.
1250: The four-day Battle of Al Mansurah in Egypt began: it would end with complete victory for Egyptian Ayyubid forces over an army of the Seventh Crusade, and the capture of French king Louis IX
- released after payment of a huge ransom.
While in the 1926 the monks decided to demolish the old monastery, but kept the church and the large basement that is changed today into a museum that includes the printing press, pots, manuscripts, pottery and gift from the King of France Louis IX
My guest, I realized, was Louis IX
, king of France in the 13th century-the greatest of centuries, according to some historians.
Her personal Rule (1253), for example, for which she fought so tenaciously was approved only for a handful of other houses, whereas the Rule of Isabelle of France (1259/63), sister of King Louis IX
, which established the Order of Enclosed Sisters Minor, enjoyed far wider reach in Europe and across the Channel.
, King of France, also visited, and received Holy Communion there when he was leading a crusade to liberate the Holy Land from the Moslems.
, the Crusader king and soldier patron, led two failed Crusades.
He told The Daily Star that the castle's name was attributed to France's then-King Louis IX
The crown -- a circular band of branches encased in a gilded, golden tube -- is being displayed for three days to mark the 800th anniversary of the birthday and christening of King Louis IX
of France, who acquired it in 1239.