In colonial Maryland, Lisbon-born Jacob Lumbrozo worked as a physician, owned a plantation, and conducted numerous businesses one of which was trading with Native Americans for furs and tobacco.
Lumbrozo had fled the Inquisition to Amsterdam before becoming part of the secret Jewish community in London.
There's Jacob Lumbrozo
, an early Jew in the Maryland colony who ran afoul of its so-called "Act of Toleration" for questioning Jesus' divinity, and also John Starr Cooke, whose 20th century metaphysical peregrinations through the mystic east and beyond were a subterranean precursor to burgeoning hippiedom.
(126) Second, unlike Rhode Island, which disenfranchised all Catholics and non-Christians in 1663 despite its charter of absolute religious toleration, Lord Baltimore, influenced by his Catholic faith, displayed his love of religious liberty by granting the rights of citizenship to Jacob Lumbrozo, a Jew, in 1663.
When the court tried to prosecute the Jewish Jacob Lumbrozo for blasphemy under the Act Concerning Religion of 1649, Lord Baltimore pardoned and granted "full rights of citizenship to Lumbrozo, and furthermore granted him the privilege to trade." Id.
Even though the |Act Concerning Religion' excluded non-Christians from its guarantees, the tolerant spirit eventually extended to them as well, as Jacob Lumbrozo
, a Jewish physician, discovered when in 1658 he was charged with blasphemy for, according to one historian, declaring in public that Christ's resurrection amounted to magicianship.
, of Maryland," Publications of the American Jewish Historical Society 1 (1893): 25-39.