corpus luteum

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Related to Luteal cells: rete testis

corpus lu·te·um

 (lo͞o′tē-əm)
n. pl. corpora lu·te·a (lo͞o′tē-ə)
A yellow, progesterone-secreting mass of cells that forms from an ovarian follicle after the release of a mature egg. Also called yellow body.

[New Latin corpus lūteum : Latin corpus, body + Latin lūteum, neuter of lūteus, yellow.]

corpus luteum

(ˈluːtɪəm)
n, pl corpora lutea (ˈluːtɪə)
(Gynaecology & Obstetrics) a yellow glandular mass of tissue that forms in a Graafian follicle following release of an ovum. It secretes progesterone, a hormone necessary to maintain pregnancy
[New Latin, literally: yellow body]

cor•pus lu•te•um

(ˈkɔr pəs ˈlu ti əm)

n., pl. cor•po•ra lu•te•a (ˈkɔr pər ə ˈlu ti ə)
a yellowish structure that develops in the ovary on the site where an ovum is released and that secretes progesterone if fertilization occurs.
[1780–90; < New Latin: yellow body]

corpus luteum

Yellow endocrine tissue formed in the ovary from a ruptured Graafian follicle. See Graafian follicle.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.corpus luteum - yellow endocrine tissue that forms in a ruptured Graafian follicle following the release of an ovum; it degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun
ductless gland, endocrine gland, endocrine - any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream
Graafian follicle - a vascular body in a mammalian ovary enclosing a developing egg
Translations

corpus luteum

n cuerpo lúteo
References in periodicals archive ?
We have reported that the addition of Se to cultured bovine luteal cells increased the P4 concentration of the culture medium [26] and that the Se supplementation of non-pregnant and non-lactating cows increased their plasma P4 concentration during the estrous cycle [27], In the present study, it was clearly demonstrated that pre-and postpartum Se supplementation to the diet increased the postpartum plasma P4 concentration of dams.
It has been demonstrated that Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/ AKT activation plays a key role in GC survival, particularly for the survival of luteal cells (18,19).
Miller, "Methylene blue but not indigo carmine is toxic to human luteal cells in vitro," Reproductive Toxicology, vol.
Reactive oxygen species up-regulates cycloxygenase-2 p53 and Bax mRNA expression in bovine luteal cells.
Similarly, we observed caspase-3 immunoreactivity more frequently in the granulosa cells of the degenerating (atretic) follicles (Figure 2C, b-c) and in the luteal cells of the corpus luteum (Figure 2C, f-g) in ovaries of the BPA-treated groups compared with controls (Figure 2C, a-e).
Administration of Gonodotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) prior to or at the time of LH surge was found to cause an amplified preovulatory surge of LH (Lucy and Stevenson, 1986) and increase the numbers of large luteal cells on day 10th day of cycle to increase progesterone level in circulation as well as improve pregnancy rates (Mee et al.
In vitro studies in luteal cells have shown that nicotine causes luteal insufficiency by inhibiting progesterone release (3).
Differential inhibition of progesterone synthesis in bovine luteal cells by estrogens and androgens.
Thus, the increase in the antioxidative capacity of the luteal cells prevents the oxidative stress even though there is an increase of ROS assuring that CL could complete its physiological cycle.
Reichert LE, Effect of prolactin on LH receptor in rat luteal cells.
Constitutive steroidogenesis in ovine large luteal cells may be mediated by tonically active protein kinase A.