luteal phase

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Noun1.luteal phase - the second half of the menstrual cycle after ovulation; the corpus luteum secretes progesterone which prepares the endometrium for the implantation of an embryo; if fertilization does not occur then menstrual flow begins
menstrual cycle - a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy; if pregnancy does not occur the lining is shed at menstruation; "the average menstrual cycle is 28 days"
phase, stage - any distinct time period in a sequence of events; "we are in a transitional stage in which many former ideas must be revised or rejected"
References in periodicals archive ?
This induces a presentation resembling luteal phase defect (LPD) in the endometrium and prevents the normal implantation of a fertilized egg, thereby producing a contraceptive effect.
The diagnosis of luteal phase defect was made by using Jones criteria.
Luteal phase defect may lead to inadequate endogenous progesterone, which is not conducive to the embryo transfer and the maintenance of pregnancy.3 Studies have shown that progesterone can promote muscle protein synthesis in utero, improve sensitivity to prostaglandin and estrogen and has a significant role in the prevention of early contractions of the myometrium.4 It plays a key role in inducing a protective immunomodulatory effect on the embryo.