Cappadocia, in this sense, was bounded in the south by the chain of the Taurus Mountains that separate it from Cilicia, to the east by the upper Euphrates and the Armenian Highland, to the north by Pontus, and to the west by Lycaonia
and eastern Galatia.
In addition, the terms of presbyters-presbuteros and episcocope-episkopos are also conflictive, since presbuteroi appears in Acts as leaders in Jerusalem, Lycaonia
, Ephesus and other churches, but never in the letters of Paul.
Paul's appeals to the inhabitants of Lycaonia
, to the Roman Felix and Hebrew Agrippa, and above all to the philosophers of Athens who gathered on Mars Hill showed to McDougall how much the apostle discerned in all people "proofs of a religious nature which had never been effaced." By making himself all things to all persons, "touching the chords that would best vibrate in men's hearts," Paul discovered and released inner strivings present in every person to be renewed in God's likeness, to which he appealed in his preaching.
As for Greco-Roman literature, it is possible to show how Luke draws from and reshapes Hellenistic prototypes ranging from the trial of Peter and John before the Sanhedrin (Plato's Apology), through Peter's escape from the prison of Herod (Euripides's Bacchae), to the good people of Lycaonia
mistaking Barnabas and Paul for Zeus and Hermes (Ovid's Metamorphoses).
He incorrectly describes Lycaonia
as part of Pamphylia (91, 258 n.