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An ancient country of west-central Asia Minor on the Aegean Sea in present-day northwest Turkey. Noted for its wealth and the magnificence of its capital, Sardis, it may have been the earliest kingdom to use minted coins (seventh century bc).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Placename) an ancient region on the coast of W Asia Minor: a powerful kingdom in the century and a half before the Persian conquest (546 bc). Chief town: Sardis
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈlɪd i ə)

an ancient kingdom in W Asia Minor: under Croesus, a wealthy empire including most of Asia Minor. Cap.: Sardis.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Lydia - an ancient region on the coast of western Asia Minor; a powerful kingdom until conquered by the Persians in 546 BC
Anatolia, Asia Minor - a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
The liberty which we are supposing may be most completely given to them in the form of such a power as is said to have been possessed by Gyges the ancestor of Croesus the Lydian. According to the tradition, Gyges was a shepherd in the service of the king of Lydia; there was a great storm, and an earthquake made an opening in the earth at the place where he was feeding his flock.
Nor would the rich, because they are superior in numbers, form a democracy, as formerly at Colophon; for there the majority had large possessions before the Lydian war: but a democracy is a state where the freemen and the poor, being the majority, are invested with the power of the state.
He then waited for the Lydians to disband their mercenaries and march home to Sardis and then he marched in winter with his army so quickly that the Lydians did not realize he was invading Lydia until they saw his army assembled near the walls of Sardis.
Lords of Asia Minor: An Introduction to the Lydians
Magnesia may have been ruled for a time by the Lydians, and was for some time under the control of the Persians, and subject to Cimmerian raids.
70-71), implying that the Lydians' interest in coinage differed from that of Greece, which was seeking an "all-purpose" form of money.
Coins in the sense in which we know them today were first produced in the late 7th century BC by the Lydians. They made gold and silver coins with a lion's head on one side, the metal blank being heated and then struck with a hammer on an anvil which had been engraved with the design.
Carius is the child of Zeus and Torrhebia, according to Nicolaus Book Four), <then Manes, then Atys, then Torrhebus,> who, wandering around a lake which was called Torrhebia by him, hearing the sound of Nymphs which the Lydians also call Muses, was both instructed in mousike and taught it to the Lydians, and the songs, on account of this, were called Torrhebian.
Phrygians, Lydians, and Persians lived in the area including Alexander the Great's Helenistic period and Byzantian period.
These recordings were made over a sixteen-year period, and the Lydians play with brio and a seemingly effortless tightness, their tone at times grimly determined and at others effusively florid.
Around 600 BC, as money, the Lydians and Greeks started using coins instead of bartering and exchanging metal bullion or other small items of value.