Lysenko


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Ly·sen·ko

 (lĭ-sĕng′kō, -syĕn′kə), Trofim Denisovich 1898-1976.
Soviet biologist and agronomist. Director of the Institute of Genetics of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1940-1964), he rejected genetics in favor of Lamarckian ideas and supported the arrest of many scientists, thus hindering the development of Soviet agriculture.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Lysenko

(lɪˈsɛŋkəʊ; Russian liˈsjɛnkə)
n
(Biography) Trofim Denisovich (traˈfim dɪˈnisəvitʃ). 1898–1976, Russian biologist and geneticist
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Lysenko - Soviet geneticist whose adherence to Lamarck's theory of evolution was favored by Stalin (1898-1976)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The factors that weighed on the growth in 2015 are still in play: Prices for South Africa's export commodities slumped again between October 2015 and January 2016, with iron ore down by more than 20 per cent and platinum by 12 per cent," said Standard & Poor's senior economist Tatiana Lysenko in the report, Weak External Conditions Plus Domestic Issues Dim South Africa's Growth Prospects.
The book concentrates on Trofim Lysenko, a Russian agronomist of the 1920s and 1930s whose theories on the ointernalization of environmental conditionso were rejected on the basis of political dogma related to human heredity and religion; however, his ideas are now being revisited in light of recent developments in the field of epigenetics.
Loren Graham, an MIT historian who has studied Russian science for decades, says General Biology is indicative of a recent resurgence of support for ideas once expounded by Trofim Lysenko, a Soviet biologist who rejected conventional genetics and tried to use acquired characteristics to improve agriculture.
Ukrainian military spokesman Andriy Lysenko said two government troops were killed and seven others injured in the fighting, which concentrated around the insurgent-stronghold of Donetsk and near the government-controlled port city of Mariupol.
"This brazen attack by the occupiers took place against a background of an escalating situation in east Ukraine," military spokesman Andriy Lysenko said, describing rebel shelling in the past 24 hours as the heaviest since a battle for the town of Debaltseve in February.
"The vast majority of shelling and armed attacks by the rebels take place at night to avoid attracting the attention of international observers," Ukrainian military spokesman Andriy Lysenko said.
Ukrainian military spokesman Andriy Lysenko told a televised briefing that six troops were killed and 12 wounded in a 24-hour period, while rebels reported one fighter dead and five wounded in the overnight clashes.
Army spokesman Andriy Lysenko said on Saturday that "as a result of the explosion of an enemy mine ...
Ukrainian military spokesman Colonel Andriy Lysenko said that the withdrawal was to begin, but did not give further details.
Ukrainian security spokesman Colonel Andriy Lysenko said that one serviceman was killed and 40 wounded in attacks over the past day.
"The rebels are regularly receiving supplies of ammunitions" and had in fact using multiple missile systems, Ukrainian military spokesman Andriv Lysenko told press as quoted by Bloomberg.
The step-up in violence in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions left four government soldiers and five civilians dead and 10 wounded from exploding mines and shelling over the weekend so far, military defense spokesman Andriy Lysenko said Saturdy at his daily briefing from Kiev.