Despite the PRC's November 2000 missile nonproliferation pledge, in the first several months of 2001, a PRC company reportedly delivered 12 shipments of missile components to Pakistan's Shaheen-1 SRBM and Shaheen-2 MRBM
programs, according to the Washington Times (August 6, 2001).
(31) As for guiding the missile to its target, a number of studies argue that the speed and maneuverability of an aircraft carrier are probably too limited to evade an MRBM
in the terminal phase.
although the new MRBM
and mobile ICBM vehicles paraded through Pyongyang
Currently Iran must rely on others for certain key missile components and materials in its MRBM
IC projection for MRBMs
and ICBMs by 2000 did not transpire:
Figure 4, "MRBM
Sites and Ranges," illustrates possible ranges of Iranian MRBMs
from two apparent missile silo launch complexes in western Iran and from Iran's ballistic missile and space launch complex in central Iran.
Second, Iran was using its relationship with North Korea, and the significant amount of ballistic missile goods and services it provided to Iran, as an important means by which Iran was achieving its goal of self-sufficiency in the production of MRBMs
. Third, Iran could significantly shorten the acquisition time for an ICBM by purchasing key components or entire systems from potential sellers such as North Korea, including potentially significant inputs of space launch vehicle technology and support.
Iran reportedly launched some number of Shahab-1 and Shahab-2 SRBMs, a Shahab-3 MRBM
, and Fateh, Zelzal, Nazeat, Fajr-3 and Oghab tactical missiles, but there is uncertainty over exactly how many.
Furthermore, from mobile truck launchers stationed on the Chinese mainland, the DF-21 MRBM
family can reach all of Japan except it's far north, and more than half the Philippines.
PLA DF-21 MRBMs
and ASBMs have ranges around 1,500 km; PLA DF-26 IRBMs and ASBMs have ranges around three thousand kilometers.
[18.] Marchini CFP, Cafe MB, Araujo EG, Nascimento MRBM
. Physiology, cell dynamics of small intestinal mucosa, and performance of broiler chickens under heat stress: a review.
While both Pakistan and India test fired short-range ballistic missiles (SRBM), medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBM
) and submarine-launched cruise missiles (SLCM), India took lead vis-a-vis Pakistan by exclusively testing sub-sonic and supersonic cruise missiles from multiple platforms.