monosodium glutamate

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mon·o·so·di·um glutamate

 (mŏn′ə-sō′dē-əm)
n. Abbr. MSG
A white crystalline compound, C5H8NO 4Na, a monobasic salt of glutamic acid, used as a flavor enhancer in foods.

monosodium glutamate

(ˌmɒnəʊˈsəʊdɪəm)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline substance, the sodium salt of glutamic acid, that has little flavour itself but enhances the flavour of proteins either by increasing the amount of saliva produced in the mouth or by stimulating the taste buds: used as a food additive, esp in Chinese foods. Formula: NaC5H8O4. Also called: sodium glutamate Abbreviation: MSG
2. (Cookery) a white crystalline substance, the sodium salt of glutamic acid, that has little flavour itself but enhances the flavour of proteins either by increasing the amount of saliva produced in the mouth or by stimulating the taste buds: used as a food additive, esp in Chinese foods. Formula: NaC5H8O4. Also called: sodium glutamate Abbreviation: MSG

mon•o•so′di•um glu′tamate

(ˌmɒn əˈsoʊ di əm)
n.
a white, crystalline, water-soluble powder, C5H8NNaO4∙H2O, used to intensify the flavor of foods. Also called MSG.
[1925–30]

mon·o·so·di·um glu·ta·mate

(mŏn′ə-sō′dē-əm glo͞o′tə-māt′)
A white, crystalline salt used to flavor food, especially in China and Japan. It occurs naturally in tomatoes, Parmesan cheese, and seaweed.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.monosodium glutamate - white crystalline compound used as a food additive to enhance flavormonosodium glutamate - white crystalline compound used as a food additive to enhance flavor; often used in Chinese cooking; "food manufacturers sometimes list MSG simply as `artificial flavors' in ingredient lists"
flavorer, flavoring, flavourer, flavouring, seasoning, seasoner - something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
Translations

monosodium glutamate

[ˈmɒnəʊˌsəʊdɪəmˈgluːtəmeɪt] Nglutamato m monosódico

monosodium glutamate

nMonosodiumglutamat nt

monosodium glutamate

[ˌmɒnəʊˈsəʊdɪəmˈgluːtəˌmeɪt] nglutammato di sodio

monosodium glutamate (MSG)

n gluta-mato monosódico (GMS)
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 3: Peripheral and liver (n = 12 and 6 specimens per group, resp.) oxidative stress markers in control (C) and MSG rats. C MSG Peripheral TBARS (pmol/mg 40.3 [+ or -] 3.6 85.1 [+ or -] 15.2 * of protein per mL of plasma) Liver protein carbonyl 4.43 [+ or -] 0.15 7.81 [+ or -] 1.32 * groups (nmol/mg of tissue protein) Liver GSH (^mol/g tissue) 2.71 [+ or -] 0.03 2.05 [+ or -] 0.04 * Values are means [+ or -] SEM.
We previously demonstrated that subdiaphragmatic vagotomy in MSG rats prevented obesity, glucose intolerance, and pancreatic islet hypersecretion in response to glucose (14,16), supporting the hypothesis that PNS action is involved in pancreatic islet hyperfunction and related comorbidities in MSG rodents.
The total BW, as judged by the area under the growth curve (AUC), was lower in MSG rats than in CTL rats (P<0.02; Figure 1B).
At the end of the experimental period, MSG rats showed a reduction of 14 and 8% in final BW and nasoanal length, respectively, compared to CTL rats (P<0.006 and P<0.007, respectively; Table 1).
Among others, MSG rats are hyperleptinemic [23] due to hypertrophic adipose tissue (AT) mass expansion [24].
CTR and MSG rats were used for experimentation on day 90 of age.
Departing (age 60 days) BW values already indicated that MSG rats were lighter than CTR rats (216.83 [+ or -] 7.15 versus 245.38 [+ or -] 9.28 g, resp.; P < 0.05).
MSG rats develop hyperleptinemia due to both enlarged adipose tissue mass and adipocyte size [13].
Endocrine and metabolic dysfunctions characterizing the hypothalamic obese rat phenotype have been largely revisited by several authors including us; however, whether a liver shift from carbohydrate to lipid metabolism sustaining liver/ectopic lipid deposition exists in MSG rats has not been addressed yet.
In each experiment, control (C) and MSG rats were members of the same litters; however, when accumulating experiments, each different experiment was performed with animals from different litters.