This significant omission has been made for unexplained reasons, one of them perhaps being the unacknowledged difficulty of calling the visitors to the Kimberley coast 'Macassans', a term Macknight coined in 1976 as a catch-all for the various ethnic groups (Bugis, Macassarese
etc.) whose home port was Makassar.
The more vital Sultanate of Bima cherished a remembrance of its origin from the Javanese rulers of Hindu-Majapahit but kept even more vivid relations with the Muslim cultures of Buginese and Macassarese
from South Sulawesi from the time of their conversion in the 1630s.
There is historical evidence the Yolngu were seasonally engaged in paid work (usually goods) for the Macassarese
(Berndt & Berndt 1999) in the preparation of trepang and elements of the shell trade (i.e., oyster, pearl, turtle) from the early 17th century till 1907 (Worsley 1955, Ivory 1999, Russell 2004).
Cense, 'Old Buginese and Macassarese
diaries', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch-Indie, 122, 3 (1966) and J.
Havana, which targets the men's gift and cigar aficionado market, features the union of Macassarese
ebony wood with crystal in the form of a crystal cigar ashtray with an ebony wood base, and an ebony humidifier box with ornate crystal accents.