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See Table at Bible.

Mac′ca·be′an adj.


1. (Biography) a Jewish family of patriots who freed Judaea from Seleucid oppression (168–142 bc)
2. (Bible) any of four books of Jewish history, including the last two of the Apocrypha


(ˈmæk əˌbiz)

1. (used with a plural v.) a priestly Jewish family who ruled Judea in the 1st and 2nd centuries b.c., esp. Judas Maccabaeus and his brothers, who defeated the Syrians in 165? and rededicated the Temple.
2. (used with a sing. v.) either of two books of the Apocrypha, I Maccabees or II Maccabees, that contain the history of the Maccabees.
References in periodicals archive ?
The only other book of the Bible Kirsch highlights is the late (perhaps as late as the Maccabean period) Book of Esther in a chapter entitled "In the Kingdom of Chance." It's only by chance that Mordecai learns about Haman's plans to wipe out all the Persian Jews.
Chapter eight sketches aspects of Samaritan-Jewish relations after the parting of the ways in the Maccabean period. While Josephus, the Gospels, the Mishna, and other (mainly) Jewish sources provide evidence for growing mistrust and enmity, there are still signs for mutual contact and cultural exchange.
He sees the Pharisees to be the Scribes' most diligent followers, who from the Maccabean period onward would eclipse their teachers.