Machupo virus


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Noun1.Machupo virus - the RNA virus that causes Bolivian hemorrhagic feverMachupo virus - the RNA virus that causes Bolivian hemorrhagic fever; carried by rats and mice
arenavirus - animal viruses belonging to the family Arenaviridae
Arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
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Tacaribe serocomplex viruses (family Arenaviridae, genus Arenavirus) comprise Bear Canyon virus, Tamiami virus, and Whitewater Arroyo virus in the United States; Tacaribe virus (TCRV) on Trinidad; Chapare virus (CHPV) and Machupo virus (MACV) in Bolivia; Guanarito virus (GTOV) in Venezuela; Junin virus (JUNV) in Argentina; Sabia virus (SABV) in Brazil; and 9 other species (1).
In 1963, Machupo virus was isolated in the remote savannas of Bolivia.
But over a year, the team collected 10,000 fleas, mites, ticks and mosquitoes; none were carrying the Machupo virus, as it became known.
Isolation of Machupo virus from wild rodent Calomys callosus.
In July 1934, an outbreak of Bolivian hemorrhagic fever (BHF), which is caused by Machupo virus, began in northeastern Bolivia.
Notably, medical care has been safely rendered by using conventional barrier precautions alone to persons infected with VHF viruses, including Ebola virus (5,18), Marburg virus (19,20), Lassa fever virus (27), Machupo virus (11), Sabia virus (28), and Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (21).