Magdalenian


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Related to Magdalenian: Gravettian, Aurignacian, Solutrean

Mag·da·le·ni·an

 (măg′də-lē′nē-ən)
adj.
Of or relating to the last Upper Paleolithic culture of Europe, succeeding the Solutrean.

[French magdalénien, after La Madeleine, a prehistoric site of southwest France.]

Magdalenian

(ˌmæɡdəˈliːnɪən)
adj
(Archaeology) of or relating to the latest Palaeolithic culture in Europe, which ended about 10 000 years ago
n
(Archaeology) the Magdalenian culture
[C19: from French magdalénien, after La Madeleine, village in Dordogne, France, near which artefacts of the culture were found]

Mag•da•le•ni•an

(ˌmæg dəˈli ni ən)

adj.
of or designating the final Paleolithic culture of much of W Europe, cl3,000–l0,000 b.c., notable for its artifacts and cave art.
[1880–85; < French magdalénien=Magdalen- from La Madeleine, the type site in SW France) + -ien -ian]
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References in periodicals archive ?
They did not expect this, because there were glaciers in the Tatras, and the forest border was considerably lower at the end of the ice age.In the cave they found the bones of animals of prey and the rare chipped stone industry of the Magdalenian culture from the late Palaeolithic era of 14,000 years ago, Sojak added.
They don't look so majestic to me, but perhaps I'm a philistine.) These two artifacts were created 14,000 years ago by the provocative Magdalenian culture, which Hunt adeptly limns.
Eliot in "Tradition and Individual Talent" (1919) similarly claimed that "art never improves" but springs into being fully formed, and appears in this form even as far back as the "rock drawing of the Magdalenian draughtsmen." (3) The Magdalenian Era in Southern France dates from 17,000 to 12,000 years ago, which is at least 20,000 years after the Chauvet Cave paintings.
(56) Of course, it was Eliot who wrote that "poetry begins [...] with a savage beating a drum in a jungle," and even included "the rock drawing of the Magdalenian draughtsmen" as an immutable part of European culture, alongside Homer and Shakespeare, in "Tradition and the Individual Talent." (57) The primitive is part of the whole pattern of culture, from beginning to end, which the Eliot of Four Quartets brings together.
When Eliot writes that a modern development in artistic style 'does not superannuate either Shakespeare, or Homer, or the rock drawing of the Magdalenian draughtsman' (that is, the artist responsible for the works made around 15,000 years ago and found in caves in the Dordogne), he treats literature and visual culture as part of a single panorama.
If you are willing, and able, it is possible to go deep into the interior of the Grotte de Niaux and behold the sophisticated, confident drawings of our Magdalenian ancestors.
THE LOWER MAGDALENIAN OSSEOUS INDUSTRY FROM LEVEL 17 IN EL MIRON CAVE (RAMALES DE LA VICTORIA, CANTABRIA): A PRELIMINARY OVERVIEW
Human bones bearing cuts and damage are frequently found at Magdalenian (approximately 12 to 17,000 years BP) European sites and one of the most extensive assemblages can be found at Gough's Cave in Somerset, UK.
Microremains from El Miron Cave human dental calculus suggest a mixed plant-animal subsistence economy during the Magdalenian in northern Iberia.
He added that the Archaeological milieu of the world knows very well that the sites of Balouchistan Plataea and high land of KPK, represents all cultural levels such as pastoral, early farming village communities and sedentary urbanized village life, which were the result of process of evolution from the Mesolithic period or stage lasting in this region from about at least 18,000 BC, known from Magdalenian painting and engraving and from some flint tools sites in region , transformed into Neolithic stage dated back to Mehrgarh dated back to 9,000-6,000 than Chalecothic and finally to the Mature Bronze Age stage dated back to 3000 BC.
He added that the Archaeological milieu of the world knows very well that the sites of Balochistan Plataea and high land of KPK, represents all cultural levels such as pastoral, early farming village communities and sedentary urbanized village life, which were the result of process of evolution from the Mesolithic period or stage lasting in this region from about at least 18,000 BC, known from Magdalenian painting and engraving and from some flint tools sites in region , transformed into Neolithic stage dated back to Mehergarh dated back to 9,000-6,000 than Chalecothic and finally to the Mature Bronze Age stage dated back to 3000 BC.
For him those specimens of prehistoric or archaic art--a piece of carved flint, an unpolished sacred stone and, especially, cave paintings and Magdalenian figurines--were the irrefutable proof that artistic creation corresponds to an affirmation of man's dignity in the face of all that tends to dominate him, whether it be nature or his masters.