igneous rock(redirected from Magmatic rocks)
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Related to Magmatic rocks: igneous
The term for a rock formed when molten rock cools and hardens. Extrusive, or volcanic, igneous rock cools on the surface as lava. Intrusive igneous rock forms when molten rock cools underground.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
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|Noun||1.||igneous rock - rock formed by the solidification of molten magma|
rock, stone - material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries"
andesite - a dark grey volcanic rock
aplite - light-colored and fine-grained granitic rock consisting chiefly of quartz and feldspars
groundmass - (geology) the matrix of fine-grained crystalline material in which larger crystals are embedded
adesite - dark greyish extrusive rock
batholite, batholith, pluton, plutonic rock - large mass of intrusive igneous rock believed to have solidified deep within the earth
diorite - a granular crystalline intrusive rock
gabbro - one of a family of granular intrusive rocks
pegmatite - a form of igneous rock consisting of extremely coarse granite resulting from the crystallization of magma rich in rare elements
peridotite - a dark coarse-grained igneous rock consisting principally of olivine
rhyolite - very acid volcanic rock
volcanic rock - extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
porphyritic rock, porphyry - any igneous rock with crystals embedded in a finer groundmass of minerals
sodalite - a vitreous mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate and sodium chloride in crystalline form; occurs in igneous rocks
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