magnesium

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mag·ne·si·um

 (măg-nē′zē-əm, -zhəm)
n. Symbol Mg
A light, silvery-white, moderately hard metallic element that in ribbon or powder form burns with a brilliant white flame. Obtained chiefly from magnesite, dolomite, and bodies of salt water, it is used in structural alloys, pyrotechnics, flash photography, and incendiary bombs. Atomic number 12; atomic weight 24.305; melting point 650°C; boiling point 1,090°C; specific gravity 1.738 (at 20°C); valence 2. See Periodic Table.

[From magnesia.]

magnesium

(mæɡˈniːzɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a light silvery-white metallic element of the alkaline earth series that burns with an intense white flame, occurring principally in magnesite, dolomite, and carnallite: used in light structural alloys, flashbulbs, flares, and fireworks. Symbol: Mg; atomic no: 12; atomic wt: 24.3050; valency: 2; relative density: 1.738; melting pt: 650°C; boiling pt: 1090°C
[C19: New Latin, from magnesia]

mag•ne•si•um

(mægˈni zi əm, -ʒəm, -ʃi əm)

n.
a light, ductile, silver-white metallic element that burns with a dazzling light, used in alloys, fireworks, and flashbulbs. Symbol: Mg; at. wt.: 24.312; at. no.: 12; sp. gr.: 1.74 at 20°C.
[1800–10; < New Latin; see magnesia, -ium2]

mag·ne·si·um

(măg-nē′zē-əm)
Symbol Mg A lightweight, moderately hard, silvery-white metallic element that is an alkaline-earth metal and burns with an intense white flame. It is an essential component of chlorophyll and is used in lightweight alloys, flash photography, and fireworks. Atomic number 12. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.magnesium - a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic elementmagnesium - a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
carnallite - a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
bitter spar, dolomite - a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
magnesite - a white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium
olivine - a mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium
magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclase - a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
spinel - a hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones
Translations
magnesium
مغنسيوممغنيسيوم
магнезий
magnesi
hořčíkmagnézium
magnesium
magnezio
magneesium
منیزیم
magnesium
מגנזיום
मैग्नेशियम
magnezij
magnézium
magnesium
magnesínmagnesíum
マグネシウム
마그네슘
magnesium
magnis
magnijs
മഗ്നീഷ്യം
magneziu
horčíkmagnézium
magnezij
magneziumмагнезијум
magnesium
magnesi
แมกนีเซียม
магній
magiê

magnesium

[mægˈniːzɪəm]
A. Nmagnesio m
B. CPD magnesium sulphate Nsulfato m magnésico

magnesium

[mægˈniːziəm] nmagnésium m

magnesium

nMagnesium nt

magnesium

[mægˈniːzɪəm] nmagnesio

magnesium

(mӕgˈniːziəm) noun
a silver-white metallic element that burns with a bright, white light.

mag·ne·si·um

n. magnesio;
___ chloridecloruro de ___;
___ sulfatesulfato de ___,
cloruro de lactosa.

magnesium

n magnesio; — sulfate sulfato de magnesio
References in classic literature ?
This gallery was all of aluminium magnesium alloy, the tight front of the air-ship swelled cliff-like above and below, and the black eagle sprawled overwhelmingly gigantic, its extremities all hidden by the bulge of the gas-bag.
In this paper the radial stresses are evaluated in terms of process parameters and viscosity of fluid for magnesium alloys and studied using above process theoretically.
Prattville, Alabama, said that magnesium alloys have high strength-to-weight ratios and relatively good electrical and thermal conductivity, as well as high damping capacity.
With technology of magnesium alloys improving, more automotive companies are keen to use the metal.
The key advance is a new generation of magnesium alloys that dramatically increase creep resistance in high-heat applications, thus improving their potential for use in automotive underhood components.
Although magnesium sits right beside aluminium in the periodic table of the elements, magnesium alloys are about 33% lighter than aluminium alloys.
The new plant, Hydro Magnesium Xian Co Ltd, included a magnesium alloy foundry and an anode plant with a capacity of 10,000 tonnes of magnesium alloys and 400 tonnes of magnesium anodes per year, Hydro Magnesium said.
Right now, only magnesium alloys are Thixomolded commercially, though zinc trials are proceeding well, and aluminum alloys suitable for Thixomolding are expected to be commercially viable in less than three years.
The viscous flow (thixotropy) of semi-solid magnesium alloys in Thixomolding is achieved at temperatures 80 C to 120 C lower than the molten metal temperature used in magnesium diecasting.
This important book summarises the wealth of recent research on our understanding of process-property relationships in wrought magnesium alloys and the way this understanding can be used to develop a new generation of alloys for high-performance applications.
Due to the great deformation anisotropy in magnesium alloys, the influence of the deformation texture in the mechanical properties cannot be ignored.
The 21 papers consider such topics as the mechanical and structural characterization of rapidly solidified aluminum-iron-magnesium alloys, the effect of hydrogen on the corrosion of rare-earth-containing magnesium alloys in sodium sulfate solution, the effect of adding zinc and zirconium on the microstructure and texture of cast and wrought magnesium alloys with different content of calcium, the electron microscopy investigation of an Inconel 625 weld overlay on boiler steel, and microstructural investigations of cracks in turbine wheels in car engine turbochargers.