magnesium

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mag·ne·si·um

 (măg-nē′zē-əm, -zhəm)
n. Symbol Mg
A light, silvery-white, moderately hard metallic element that in ribbon or powder form burns with a brilliant white flame. Obtained chiefly from magnesite, dolomite, and bodies of salt water, it is used in structural alloys, pyrotechnics, flash photography, and incendiary bombs. Atomic number 12; atomic weight 24.305; melting point 650°C; boiling point 1,090°C; specific gravity 1.738 (at 20°C); valence 2. See Periodic Table.

[From magnesia.]

magnesium

(mæɡˈniːzɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a light silvery-white metallic element of the alkaline earth series that burns with an intense white flame, occurring principally in magnesite, dolomite, and carnallite: used in light structural alloys, flashbulbs, flares, and fireworks. Symbol: Mg; atomic no: 12; atomic wt: 24.3050; valency: 2; relative density: 1.738; melting pt: 650°C; boiling pt: 1090°C
[C19: New Latin, from magnesia]

mag•ne•si•um

(mægˈni zi əm, -ʒəm, -ʃi əm)

n.
a light, ductile, silver-white metallic element that burns with a dazzling light, used in alloys, fireworks, and flashbulbs. Symbol: Mg; at. wt.: 24.312; at. no.: 12; sp. gr.: 1.74 at 20°C.
[1800–10; < New Latin; see magnesia, -ium2]

mag·ne·si·um

(măg-nē′zē-əm)
Symbol Mg A lightweight, moderately hard, silvery-white metallic element that is an alkaline-earth metal and burns with an intense white flame. It is an essential component of chlorophyll and is used in lightweight alloys, flash photography, and fireworks. Atomic number 12. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.magnesium - a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic elementmagnesium - a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
metal, metallic element - any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.
carnallite - a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
bitter spar, dolomite - a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
magnesite - a white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium
olivine - a mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium
magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclase - a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
spinel - a hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones
Translations
magnesium
مغنسيوممغنيسيوم
магнезий
magnesi
hořčíkmagnézium
magnesium
magnezio
magneesium
منیزیم
magnesium
מגנזיום
मैग्नेशियम
magnezij
magnézium
magnesium
magnesínmagnesíum
マグネシウム
마그네슘
magnesium
magnis
magnijs
മഗ്നീഷ്യം
magneziu
horčíkmagnézium
magnezij
magneziumмагнезијум
magnesium
magnesi
แมกนีเซียม
магній
magiê

magnesium

[mægˈniːzɪəm]
A. Nmagnesio m
B. CPD magnesium sulphate Nsulfato m magnésico

magnesium

[mægˈniːziəm] nmagnésium m

magnesium

nMagnesium nt

magnesium

[mægˈniːzɪəm] nmagnesio

magnesium

(mӕgˈniːziəm) noun
a silver-white metallic element that burns with a bright, white light.

mag·ne·si·um

n. magnesio;
___ chloridecloruro de ___;
___ sulfatesulfato de ___,
cloruro de lactosa.

magnesium

n magnesio; — sulfate sulfato de magnesio
References in periodicals archive ?
It is a dual-acting, combination of sodium picosulfate, a stimulant laxative and magnesium oxide and anhydrous citric acid, which forms magnesium citrate, an osmotic laxative indicated for cleansing of the colon as a preparation for colonoscopy in adults.
I recommend 500 mg magnesium citrate at bedtime to many of my patients.
CLENPIQ is a ready-to-drink cranberry-flavored, dual-acting, combination of sodium picosulfate, a stimulant laxative, and magnesium oxide and anhydrous citric acid, which forms magnesium citrate, an osmotic laxative indicated for cleansing of the colon as a preparation for colonoscopy in adults.
Earlier studies that used magnesium citrate were inconclusive.
Editor's Note: Magnesium supplements given in the trials included magnesium oxide, magnesium picolinate, magnesium aspartate HCl, magnesium citrate, magnesium lactate, magnesium lactate-citrate, magnesium hydroxide, magnesium chloride and magnesium sulfate.
In a review of the literature, Young and Jewell (2011) found that magnesium lactate or magnesium citrate taken as 5mmol in the morning and 10mmol in the evening was effective at reducing leg cramps.
Supplements of magnesium citrate (generally 200-500 milligrams daily) may help some people with constipation.
Magnesium Taurate, Carlson Chelated Magnesium, ChildLife Liquid Calcium With Magnesium, Country Life Bone Solid, Doctor's Best High Absorption 100% Chelated Magnesium, Finest Nutrition [Walgreens] Magnesium, GNC Calcium Plus 1000, Jarrow Formulas Bone-Up, Jarrow Formulas MagMind, Jigsaw Health Magnesium w/SRT, Kirkland Signature (Costco) Calcium Citrate Magnesium and Zinc, Kirkland Signature [Costco] Magnesium Citrate, LifeExtension Magnesium Caps, Nature Made Calcium Magnesium Zinc, Nature's Bounty High Potency Magnesium, Nature's Way Alive Calcium Bone Formula, NutriCology Magnesium Chloride Liquid, Nutrilite Cal Mag D Advanced, PipingRock.
Sodium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, magnesium citrate, and Bicitra (A combination of citric acid monohydrate and sodium citrate dihydrate) also alkalinze urine.
TABLE 2 Common treatments for constipation Bulk-forming laxatives absorb water, increasing fecal mass * psyllium seed (Metamucil) * methylcellulose (Citrucel) * calcium polycarbophil (FiberCon) * wheat Dextran (Benefiber) Surfactant agents lower the surface tension of stool, allowing water to enter the stool * docusate sodium (Colace) Osmotic laxatives contain poorly/nonabsorbed substances, leading to intestinal water secretion * polyethylene glycol (MiraLAX) * magnesium citrate (Milk of Magnesia) Stimulant laxatives increase colonic transit and alter electrolyte transport across the colonic mucosa * bisacodyl (Dulcolax) * senna (Senokot)
A 76-year-old woman became unresponsive and hypotensive after ingesting a large dose of magnesium citrate to treat severe constipation.