* Biliary branching variations at the hepatic hilum were observed frequently in both pancreas divisum (PD) patients and normal population by magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
Efficacy of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
in detecting common bile duct lithiasis: our experience.
Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
(MRCP) were performed (Figures 1-4).
Lee et al., "Accuracy of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
for locating hepatolithiasis and detecting accompanying biliary strictures," Endoscopy, vol.
Chen, "Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
of anatomical variants of the biliary tree in Taiwanese," Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, vol.
Caption: FIGURE 2: Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
(MRCP) demonstrating the 3-line sign typical for ascaris worm (arrow).
Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
correlation in patients with obstructive jaundice.
Magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
were also performed [Figure 1 and 2].
Radiologists from the US, Europe, and South Korea describe the physical principles of MRI using 3T magnets; safety; the differences between 1.5T and 3T when applied extracranially; and protocols for thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic organs, with emphasis on the effects of a higher 3T magnetic field strength and including pelvic MR angiography and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
However, it is an operator-dependent and invasive procedure that is associated with complications2 Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
(MRCP) is a relatively new noninvasive technique for evaluating intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts and the pancreatic duct3,4.
Advances in imaging techniques, particularly multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
(MRCP), have allowed an increasing number of cases to be diagnosed pre-operatively (2).
A checklist of minimal elements for diagnosing drug-related liver injury and for assessing causality should be developed, and a secondary list of elements that are helpful in many situations--such as results of assays for anti-hepatitis E virus antibodies to exclude hepatitis E, or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
to fully exclude biliary obstruction--would be useful, they said.