Ten months after the completion of his hajj, after he became known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz
, Malcolm X was assassinated on the stage of the Audubon Ballroom in New York City, a few months short of his 40th birthday.
He signed his name with his new title Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
. "Al-Hajj" is a title given to those who performed the pilgrimage.
Touched by God into Minister El Hajj Malik el-Shabazz
Lena Williams's 'Playing with Fire' and Sheila Rule's 'Malcolm X: The Facts, the Fictions, the Film' suggest that Malcolm returned from Haj in 1964 with the new name El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
. A similar claim is made in Hisham Aidi's otherwise insightful 2016 piece for The Nation titled 'The Political Uses of Malcolm X's Image'.
During a chance meeting at the Ambassador Hotel, Accra in May 1964, Ali refused to acknowledge Malcolm--now el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz
, following his conversion to formal Islam and his pilgrimage to Mecca.
Malcolm X, whose full name was El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
, was 39 when he was killed.
And my personal favourite is one El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
, aka Malcolm X, the inspiring advocate of African Americans rights, the godfather of the Black Power movement and the the fourth of seven children of Grenada-born Louise Little.
I Buried Malcolm (Haj Malik El-Shabazz
), Jersey City, New Jersey: New Mind Productions, 1993.
After this decisive encounter with a universal ethos, Malcolm X (who began calling himself El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
) sought to balance his Afro-centric political worldview with his belief in a universal Islam.
Marable contends, is marked by a name emblematic of that plateau--Malcolm Little, Detroit Red, Satan, Malcolm X, and El Hajj Malik El-Shabazz
, to list but the most prominent.