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Related to Malonyl: malonic acid, malate


n.1.(Chem.) A divalent diacyl radical, CH2.(CO)2, from malonic acid.
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A adiponectina eleva a sensibilidade a insulina nos tecidos ao ativar a via MAPK, a qual inibe a enzima Acetil CoA Carboxilase, que por sua vez reduz as concentracoes de malonyl CoA e, consequentemente, provoca elevacao da beta oxidacao e reducao na lipogenese.
1995 Transferase Table 2 Lipogenic Enzymes Regulated by SREBP-1c Enzyme Abbreviation Fatty Acid Synthase FAS Acyl CoA Carboxylase ACC ATP Citrate Lyase ACL Stearoyl CoA Desaturase SCD Malic Enzyme ME Enzyme Function Fatty Acid Synthase Synthesizes fatty acids from acetyl coenzyme A (CoA) and palmitate Acyl CoA Carboxylase Synthesizes malonyl CoA from acetyl CoA ATP Citrate Lyase Converts citrate and CoA to acetyl CoA Stearoyl CoA Desaturase Synthesizes unsaturated fatty acids (oleate) from saturated fatty acids (stearate) Malic Enzyme Generates reducing equivalents (NADPH) for triglyceride synthesis
Comparative analysis of their expression levels at stage S1 and S2 showed that in both cases, acyl carrier protein (ACP) and stearoyl-ACP desaturase (SAD) were obviously up regulated (<2 fold at most), while pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase) involved in the initial synthesis exhibited much higher expression levels than those involved in elongation stage such as malonyl-CoA: ACP malonyl transferase (MCMT) and ketoacyl-ACP synthase (KAS).
This cytosolic enzyme catalyses palmitic acid synthesis from acetyl coenzyme-A and malonyl coenzyme-A in the presence of NADPH (Wakil et al.
Resistomycin compound is composed of malonyl and acetyl unit, both of which come under the category of acetogenins.
Many trials have used serum Magnesium level, (7) C-reactive protein levels, (8) malonyl dialdehyde, (9) white blood cell count (9) as a predictor for mortality and morbidity following acute myocardial infarction and risk of developing adverse cardiac events like sudden cardiac death and congestive heart failure.
Standard solutions for the calibration curve construction (peak area of isoflavone contents) were made for each of the twelve isoflavone forms: daidzin, genistin, glycitin, malonyl daidzin, malonyl genistin, glycitin malonyl, acetyl daidzin, acetyl genistin, acetyl glycitin, glycitein and genistein, which were purchased from Sigma and Fluka (0.
The polyketide antibiotic DAPG is a phenolic molecule synthesized by the condensation of three molecules of acetyl coenzymeA with one molecule of malonyl coenzymeA to produce the precursor monoacetylphloroglucinol, which is subsequently transacetylated to generate PHL utilizing a CHS-type enzyme (21).
sup][7],[8] SIRT4 also has lipoamidase activity that modulates the biological functions of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex [sup][9] and for its deacetylase inhibiting malonyl CoA decarboxylase in lipogenesis.
The bis(2,4,6-trinitrophenethyl) malonate (TNPEM) was obtained via the esterification reaction of malonyl dichloride and TNPE with a yield of 65%.
The scientists quantified several isoflavones: daidzin, genistin, glycitein, and their respective acetyl, malonyl and aglycone derivatives using high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array (HPLC-PDA).