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 (măl′thəs), Thomas Robert 1766-1834.
British economist who wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798), arguing that population tends to increase faster than food supply, with inevitably disastrous results, unless the increase in population is checked by moral restraints or by war, famine, and disease.

Mal·thu′sian (-tho͞o′zhən, -zē-ən) adj. & n.
Mal·thu′sian·ism n.


(Economics) of or relating to the theory of Malthus stating that increases in population tend to exceed increases in the means of subsistence and that therefore sexual restraint should be exercised
(Economics) a supporter of this theory
Malˈthusianism n


(mælˈθu ʒən, -zi ən)

1. pertaining to the theories of Malthus, which state that population increases faster than the means of subsistence unless war, famine, or disease intervenes or efforts are made to limit population.
2. a follower of Malthus.
Mal•thu′sian•ism, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Malthusian - a believer in Malthusian theory
believer, truster - a supporter who accepts something as true
Adj.1.Malthusian - of or relating to Thomas Malthus or to MalthusianismMalthusian - of or relating to Thomas Malthus or to Malthusianism; "Malthusian theories"
References in classic literature ?
Malthusian idea was Herod of Judea, though all the famous soldiers
As Tess grew older, and began to see how matters stood, she felt quite a Malthusian towards her mother for thoughtlessly giving her so many little sisters and brothers, when it was such a trouble to nurse and provide for them.
He scolds us for not studying famine in tandem with other kinds of man-made atrocity as often or as closely as we should and he reminds us to, once and for all, put away the convenient Malthusian paradigm (which posits that there will be a forced return to subsistence-level conditions once population growth has outpaced agricultural production) which is 'comprehensively refuted yet tirelessly comes back to haunt us.
The collection covers progress, population, and nature from the Age of Reason to the mid-19th century; the aesthetic and subjective appreciation of nature: Alexander von Humboldt; Darwin and his contemporaries; in the wake of George Perkins March; key trends in 19th-century environmentalism; and the Malthusian shadow over the 20th century.
As Simpson correctly observes, the ecosystem services bandwagon is not riding on the old Malthusian rails.
However, this invited Malthusian interpretations of natural selection that Darwin flatly rejected.
And the resurrection of Malthusian tendencies at the highest echelons of the international policy community is dangerous.
They will go back up again, of course, for basic Malthusian reasons, but for now no one is inclined to have much hope that this moment has arrived.
The literature on the transformation of economy to the modern economic regime distinguishes three phases of economic development: Malthusian regime, Post-Malthusian regime and modern regime.
The answer is the missing factor in Morris' story, the persistence of Malthusian constraints.
Taming these Malthusian forces will be the major challenge for Burkina Faso in the decades to come.
He was called a cornucopian and an economist optimist, to contrast him with the Malthusian pessimists.