Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (măl′thəs), Thomas Robert 1766-1834.
British economist who wrote An Essay on the Principle of Population (1798), arguing that population tends to increase faster than food supply, with inevitably disastrous results, unless the increase in population is checked by moral restraints or by war, famine, and disease.

Mal·thu′sian (-tho͞o′zhən, -zē-ən) adj. & n.
Mal·thu′sian·ism n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


the theories of Thomas Malthus (1766-1834), English economist, stating that population growth tends to increase faster than production and that food and necessities will be in short supply unless population growth is restricted or war, disease, and famine intervene. — Malthusian, n., adj.
See also: Economics
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.malthusianism - Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistenceMalthusianism - Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistence
economic theory - (economics) a theory of commercial activities (such as the production and consumption of goods)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[mælˈθjuːzɪəˌnizəm] Nmalt(h)usianismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Previous predictions, from Malthusianism to the 'population bomb,' were admittedly outdone by scientific discoveries and technological inventions.
The Population Problem of Puerto Rico and its Forebodings of Malthusianism. Social Forces 19(3), 327-36.
The argument is simple: overpopulation and the limitation of the available natural resources will necessarily occasion the collapse of the current "market democracy." It is the product of its Zeitgeist, which was made of three main threads: Malthusianism, Peak-awareness, and environmentalism lato sensu.
(8) Thus Malthusianism has not only shaped population control policies, but has influenced many key theories and practices of development similarly based upon the assumption that poverty stems from the behaviour of the poor, which then becomes a target for intervention.
(describing a "military Malthusianism" wherein the unit cost
"Malthusianism, True and False." Fraser's Magazine 3(17): 584-598.
Malthus, a great Victorian figure and the founder of the theory of Malthusianism, who believed that rapid multiplication of population, would cause famine.
discussed: Malthusianism, Marxism, and Sen's entitlement failure
But Countdown is a population book, and I hate Malthusianism. They're not the same thing, of course, but I still hesitated before reviewing it.
The latter is sometimes referred to as "poverty Malthusianism" in relation to Latin American and Asian cases (Cosio-Zavala, 1995, mentioned in [43]).
As a radical Tory, besides the Biblical teachings, he drew upon the writings of Carlyle, Owen and the experience of the Middle Ages, thus standing against Malthusianism whose emphasis was upon scarcity of resources.
So Malthus, or "Malthus," or "Malthusianism," remains contemporary, however much the specifics of his engagement with Condorcet and Godwin (say), or his critique of the Poor Laws, or his controversial theodicy in the final chapters of his 1798 Essay might be relegated to the footnoted dustbins of scholarship.