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Related to Manchoukuo: Puyi


 (măn′cho͞o′kwō′) also Man·chu·guo (-gwō′)
A former state of eastern Asia in Manchuria and eastern Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia). It was established as a puppet state (1932) after the Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and was returned to Chinese sovereignty in 1945.


(ˈmænˈtʃuːˈkwəʊ) or


1. (Historical Terms) a former state of E Asia (1932–45), consisting of the three provinces of old Manchuria and Jehol
2. (Placename) a former state of E Asia (1932–45), consisting of the three provinces of old Manchuria and Jehol



a former country (1932–45) in E Asia, under Japanese control: included Manchuria and parts of Inner Mongolia; now a part of China.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gottschang and Diana Lary, Swallows and Settlers: The Great Migration from North China to Manchuria (Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor Center for Chinese Studies, University of Michigan, 2000); James Reardon-Anderson, Reluctant Pioneers: China's Expansion Northward 1644-1937 (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2005); Shao Dan, Remote Homeland, Recovered Borderland: Manchus, Manchoukuo, and Manchuria, 1907-1985 (Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2011); and Patrick Fuliang Shan, Taming China's Wilderness: Immigration, Settlement, and the Shaping of the Heilongjiang Frontier (London: Roudedge, 2017).
"Japanese Recognition of Manchoukuo [sic]," World Affairs Quarterly 28: 149-64.
(1940): A new genus of Thecodontia from the Lycoptera beds in Manchoukuo. Bulletin of the Central National Museum of Manchoukuo, 2: 1-14.
According to the League of Nations, `one of Japan's first official acts following the formation of the puppet state of Manchoukuo was the creation of an opium monopoly which not only produced and sold opium but also manufactured derivatives' (`Manchuria Opium and Heroin' 1936: 328).(8) The Opium Law, enacted in 1932, created the General Monopoly Office, which controlled all monopolies of the state (`Government Monopolies in Manchoukuo' 1938).