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 (măn′cho͞o′kwō′) also Man·chu·guo (-gwō′)
A former state of eastern Asia in Manchuria and eastern Nei Monggol (Inner Mongolia). It was established as a puppet state (1932) after the Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and was returned to Chinese sovereignty in 1945.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈmænˈtʃuːˈkwəʊ) or


1. (Historical Terms) a former state of E Asia (1932–45), consisting of the three provinces of old Manchuria and Jehol
2. (Placename) a former state of E Asia (1932–45), consisting of the three provinces of old Manchuria and Jehol
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014



a former country (1932–45) in E Asia, under Japanese control: included Manchuria and parts of Inner Mongolia; now a part of China.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
University of Hawaii Press This chilling autobiographical account of author Takarabe Toriko's childhood in the Japanese-established puppet state of Manchukuo in northeast China details the haunting brutality and violence of the times through the eyes of a precocious young girl.
Travelling through the United States at the invitation of publishing magnate Randolph Hearst, giving lectures and broadcasts, he arranged an extensive tour of the Far East, taking him to Japan and eventually to another hotspot of conflict - the region of Inner Mongolia, seized by Japan in 1931 and renamed Manchukuo.
In the pre-war period, Kishi had been the top official dispatched to Manchukuo, the Japanese-sponsored government in northeastern China established in 1932.
1932: The Japanese set up the republic of Manchukuo after occupying Manchuria.
(7) Others address the imperial rivalry between Russia, Japan and China, (8) with a strong focus on the Manchukuo period.
In 1931 the Japanese army staged mock attacks on itself to justify its invasion of China, and then created the fake country of Manchukuo to legitimise its conquests.
General Higuchi served as the commander of the Japanese-occupied Chinese Harbin Special Branch between 1937-1938 and during the Otpor incident of 1938 gave Jewish refugees stranded in Otpor, then in the USSR, entry into the Japanese-created state of Manchukuo which existed in parts of China and Mongolia at the time.
Despite Chinese protests and resistance from local warlords, they occupied the region and set up a puppet state named Manchukuo.
In the following year, Japanese occupiers deliberately established a puppet state called Manchukuo and claimed its independence from China.
(56) Series of the incidents consequently led the Soviet Union to abandon CER and sell it to Manchukuo, a Japanese puppet state in Northern China.