Manchu

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Related to Manchus: Manchu Empire

Man·chu

 (măn′cho͞o, măn-cho͞o′)
n. pl. Manchu or Man·chus
1. A member of a people native to Manchuria who ruled China during the Qing dynasty.
2. The Tungusic language of the Manchu.
adj.
Of or relating to the Manchu or their language or culture.

[Manchu manju.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Manchu

(mænˈtʃuː)
npl -chus or -chu
1. (Peoples) a member of a Mongoloid people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century, establishing an imperial dynasty that lasted until 1912
2. (Languages) the language of this people, belonging to the Tungusic branch of the Altaic family
adj
3. (Historical Terms) Also: Ching of or relating to the dynasty of the Manchus
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) Also: Ching of or relating to the dynasty of the Manchus
[from Manchu, literally: pure]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Man•chu

(mænˈtʃu)

n., pl. -chus, (esp. collectively) -chu.
1. a member of a Tungusic people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century and established a dynasty (Manchu′ dy′nasty or Ch'ing 1644–1912).
2. the Tungusic language of the Manchus.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manchu - a member of the Manchu speaking people of Mongolian race of Manchuria; related to the Tungus; conquered China in the 17th century
Tungusic - any member of a people speaking a language in the Tungusic family
2.Manchu - the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionariesManchu - the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries; during the Qing dynasty China was ruled by the Manchu
dynasty - a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
3.Manchu - the Tungusic language spoken by the Manchu
Tungusic language, Tungusic - a family of Altaic languages spoken in Mongolia and neighboring areas
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
mantšumantšurialainen
MandchouMandchoue
mandzsu
mancesemanciùmanciuriano
满语
References in periodicals archive ?
Manchus and Han demonstrates a mastery of the existing secondary literature as well as of contemporary Chinese sources, some of them hard-to-find periodicals that Rhoads has unearthed for the first time.
Origins and early career unknown; rose to prominence as leader of huge pirate and trading fleet operating along the Chinese coast from Japan to Vietnam (1621-1630); commissioned Admiral of the Coastal Seas by the waning Ming dynasty, he continued to serve the Ming dynasty after the fall of Peking (Beijing) (June 1644); appointed commander in chief of the Ming forces defending their new capital of Foochow (Fuzhou) following the fall of Nanking (Nanjing) (1645); decided to join the Manchus, and contrived to leave the passes from Chekiang (Zhejiang) into Fukien (Fujian) unguarded (1649); he was richly rewarded, and retired a very wealthy man; executed by the Manchu in reprisal for the activities of his son Cheng Ch'eng-kung (1661).
It was from these tribal groupings that the Manchus, the founders of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911), were to come.
Of the four major conqueror peoples examined, namely the Khitans, the Jurchens, the Mongols, and the Manchus, only the Mongols had their home base on the steppe.
The demons were identified as local deities at first, but sometime in 1850 they came to be identified as the Manchus of the ruling Qing dynasty.
Born about 1643, the eldest son of Cheng Ch'engkung (Koxinga); succeeded his father as ruler of Taiwan (June 1662); threatened by a Manchu-Dutch alliance; abandoned his father's plans to attack the Philippines, and routed a combined Dutch-Chinese fleet and broke that alliance (1664); largely abandoning the pretense of Ming restoration, he invaded Fukien (Fujian) province and captured the key cities (1676); following the loss of those cities to the Manchus (1677), he invaded Fukien again and captured the provincial commander with 30,000 men at Haicheng (1678); driven off the mainland to Taiwan, he fell ill and died (1682).
The introduction also deals with the transmission of the Vajravarabha Tantra to Tibet and to the East Mongols and Manchus, and provides summaries of the texts that follow.
Rawski's newest work on China's last imperial dynasty, the Qing (1644-1911), describes the political and social life of the Manchus, an ethnically non-Han people from Northeast Asia who swept south of the Great Wall in 1644 and brought an end to the Ming dynasty.
In this book aborigines (but not Chinese or Manchu) appear in various stages of "civilization" in reproduced sets of Chinese illustrations, but aborigine individuals are rarely identified in the text in spite of the large number of named Chinese and Manchus.
A capable and distinguished soldier, he was appointed commander in chief of the Ming forces in Liaotung (Liaodong) peninsula; he bore the brunt of an invasion by the Manchus (September 1619); stalled Nurhachu's offensive for over a year in a series of brilliant maneuvers despite inadequate logistical support; as he was preparing a counteroffensive (October?
The Manchus had conquered China in 1644 and had been the dominant rulers of China since that time.
Ji Yonghai (1993) has in fact presented evidence that the Manchus went through a period of bilingualism before abandoning their language for Chinese.