By his exertions, trading posts had been established, in 1808, in the Sioux country, and among the Aricara and Mandan
tribes; and a principal one, under Mr.
unlike their fellow Indians build Welsh coracles and not canoes.
Hail  does qualify that statement by including Cheyenne as wearers of the style and she refers to the Mandans
as possible originators.
The expedition members were fascinated by the Bull Dance and the Mandans
by York, William Clark's black slave and personal servant.
These include the Mandans
, the Kutenai, the Padoucas, the Comanches, the Aztecs and the Cherokee.
Ostensibly a sociological study of how Northern Plains groups like the Hidatsas, Crows, Mandans
, and Cheyennes mediated historical stress through creative manipulation of religious symbols and rituals, it is actually an important statement about the nature of Indian history that should inform anyone who ventures to study or write about the subject.
Notwithstanding Regina's charming manner, she has a "tell it like it is" style that does not attempt to sugar-coat the often sad history of what happened to the Mandans
To their north were the Mandans
, whose last survivors joined the Arikawas after their separate existence as a tribe ended in the early 19th century.
In particular, the smallpox epidemic of 1780-82 marked a turning point in the struggles between westward-expanding Sioux groups and the semisedentary tribes that lived along the upper Missouri in present-day North and South Dakota, the Mandans
, Hidatsas, and Arikaras.
He died searching aged 29, some 40 years before Catlin lived with the Mandans
One explorer, George Catlin, believed that the Mandans
, a Siouan people of North Dakota, are descendants of Welsh immigrants.
Legend has it that the Welsh contingent sailed up the river systems from Alabama, settling initially where Kentucky stands today,before travelling on via the Ohio and the Mississippi into the Missouri, where they met the Mandans