Mandelstam Osip Emilyevich


 (män′dəl-stəm, mən-dyĭl-shtâm′), Osip Emilyevich 1892-1938?
Russian poet, translator, and critic. Although his early works were highly regarded, he went unpublished in the Soviet Union after 1933, when he denounced Stalin and refused to comply with Soviet censors. He endured years of internal exile and eventually died in a gulag.