Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (măn′ĭ-kē′ĭz′əm) also Man·i·chae·an·ism (-kē′ə-nĭz′əm)
1. The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neoplatonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
2. A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

[From Late Latin Manichaeus, Manichaean, from Late Greek Manikhaios, from Manikhaios, Mani.]

Man·i·chae·an (măn′ĭ-kē′ən) n. & adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manichaeanism - a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
this Manichaeanism [of colonialism] reaches its logical conclusion and
The text then arrives at Easterling's main point, which is to explore alternative forms of subverting these strange new zones by deconstructing the latent Manichaeanism of conventional political thought.
Such a vision was later emphasized by Manichaeanism, which identified spirit with Good and the male principle, and matter with Evil and the female principle.
The three essays gathered here may be diverse in subject matter, but what reverberates powerfully through all of them is a deep commitment to the struggle for a form of relationality beyond what appears to be the eternal return of Manichaeanism, a struggle that, as Gandhi so aptly reminded us, finds expression in just those 'small, defiant flights from the fetters of belonging' with which our contributors concern themselves in this issue.
Both of these were written late in Augustine's life, the latter when he was responding to accusations by Pelagians that he still had not shaken off the yoke of Manichaeanism. In some Manichean thought, procreation was seen as a moral evil since it amounts to the trapping of (innocent) spirit in (sinful) flesh.
In the past, a strong vein of Manichaeanism in the early church led to a disregard of the material world in favor of the realm of the Spirit.
(20) Tanya Krzywinska, 'Hubble-Bubble, Herbs and Grimoires: Magic, Manichaeanism, and Witchcraft in Buffy,' in Rhonda V.
Something was there, not Manichaeanism, not perhaps even "Catharism," but a dualism so dangerous to medieval culture that in holding it one lost the title of "Christian," for in so doing one effectively denied the Incarnation.
It demonstrates over and over that the signs of ethical forces can be discovered and can be made legible." (22) Overall, melodramatic narratives should be seen as tools which can categorize people, behaviors, and relationships into the Manichaeanism camps of good and evil because there is no gray area or doubt permitted in which those actions or people will enjoy dual citizenship or identity.
Instead, the "revanchist" Right today is "committed to a counterrevolution, whether the restoration of America's pre-New Deal ancien regime, the return to Cold War-style Manichaeanism, or the revival of pre-modern 'family values.'" Today's conservatives, Tanenhaus says, "seem the heirs of the French rather than of the American Revolution," and are the true Jacobins of American politics, rigidly attached to "orthodoxy." (Tanenhaus finished his book before the tea parties broke out; there's no telling how many more odious comparisons these would have summoned forth.)
Augustine of Manichaeanism. Secondly, following on from this, the