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 (măn′ĭ-kē′ĭz′əm) also Man·i·chae·an·ism (-kē′ə-nĭz′əm)
1. The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neoplatonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
2. A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

[From Late Latin Manichaeus, Manichaean, from Late Greek Manikhaios, from Manikhaios, Mani.]

Man·i·chae·an (măn′ĭ-kē′ən) n. & adj.


(ˌmænɪˈkiːən) or


1. (Other Non-Christian Religions) of or relating to Manichaeism
2. (Theology) chiefly RC Church involving a radical dualism
(Other Non-Christian Religions) an adherent of Manichaeism
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manichaean - an adherent of Manichaeism
adherent, disciple - someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
Adj.1.Manichaean - of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of dualism; "a Manichaean conflict between good and evil"
2.Manichaean - of or relating to Manichaeism


Manichean [ˌmænɪˈkiːən]
A. ADJmaniqueo
B. Nmaniqueo/a m/f
References in periodicals archive ?
the Manichaeans...used different sets of divine names to render their own story of creation in the various Iranian languages spoken in different regions...."
A fourth chapter deals with the subsequent influence of the texts, with particular reference to Manicheism: there are Manichaean texts in Sub-Achmimic, the dialect of some Nag Hammadi texts, and there are common features which suggest that the Manichaeans learned from the Gnostics in adapting their system to the needs of their mission in Egypt.
My own view is that the word Sabiuna/Sabiina (rasm: sbwn/sbyn, with no diacritics or vowels), is a copyist's error for mnwn/mnyn, which means Manichaeans. The Arabs used three terms for Manichaean, Mani, Manani, and Manawi,(31) and the emended rasm could easily accommodate the first two of these.
The article compelle intrare should be read in conjunction with coercitio, an examination of Augustine's persuasion (anything from exhortation to repression) of Jews, pagans, Manichaeans, and Donatists.
One, at Medinet Madi in 1929, enabled us to modify or confirm the reports of hostile authors on the Manichaeans, and contained (though in a depleted form) some works from Mani's own hand.
Professor Klimkeit, justly renowned for his many important contributions to the understanding of the religious interaction among Christians, Buddhists, and Manichaeans in Central Asia, has placed every student of Manichaeism in his debt with this splendid anthology of translated liturgical texts.
One interesting source cited by Stroumsa in support is the reference to Shenute (?) having instigated the burning of two Manichaeans (cf.
Among the entries are the Pilate inscription, Qumran, apostolic succession, Augustine, Jerome, Manichaeans, women in early Christianity, the Council of Nicea, and Judaism.
At this time, Zoroastrianism was the state religion, but Manichaeans, Christians, and Jews also lived in the empire, and they too are discussed in detail.
At one moment in the movie we hear him say that he had lost faith in the Manichaeans, as if he had simply become bored with them.
By examining various early writings, notably the De quantitate animae and the De moribus ecclesiae catholicae (contrasted with the way of life of the Manichaeans), Gerber considers how central the Holy Spirit is to Augustine's understanding of the world, understood both as the reason and the love by which creation is underpinned.