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Related to Manichaeism: Donatism, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism, Pelagianism


 (măn′ĭ-kē′ĭz′əm) also Man·i·chae·an·ism (-kē′ə-nĭz′əm)
1. The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neoplatonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
2. A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

[From Late Latin Manichaeus, Manichaean, from Late Greek Manikhaios, from Manikhaios, Mani.]

Man·i·chae·an (măn′ĭ-kē′ən) n. & adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈmænɪkiːˌɪzəm) or


1. (Other Non-Christian Religions) the system of religious doctrines, including elements of Gnosticism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Buddhism, etc, taught by the Persian prophet Mani about the 3rd century ad. It was based on a supposed primordial conflict between light and darkness, or goodness and evil
2. (Theology) chiefly RC Church any similar heretical philosophy involving a radical dualism
[C14: from Late Latin Manichaeus, from Late Greek Manikhaios of Mani]
ˈManichee n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Manichaeism, Manicheism, Manicheanism

1. the doctrines and practices of the dualistic religious system of Manes, a blending of Gnostic Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and other elements, especially doctrines of a cosmic conflict between forces of light and darkness, the darkness and evilness of matter, and the necessity for a sexual, vegetarian asceticism.
2. any similar dualistic system, considered heretical by orthodox Christian standards. Cf. Gnosticism. — Manichean, n., adj. — Manicheistic, adj.
See also: Heresy
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manichaeism - a religion founded by Manes in the third century; a synthesis of Zoroastrian dualism between light and dark and Babylonian folklore and Buddhist ethics and superficial elements of Christianity; spread widely in the Roman Empire but had largely died out by 1000
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


Manicheism [ˌmænɪˈkiːɪzəm] Nmaniqueísmo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in classic literature ?
Unhappily he had no one to tell him that this was rampant Manichaeism, else he might have seen his error.
No doubt each liberal would counter that the Religious Right displays similar, or worse, tendencies toward Manichaeism. Even if true, this response is theologically irrelevant.
Auden believed, as Kirsch points out, that Christians and non-Christians alike are forever susceptible to the heresy of Manichaeism. He reminded his readers that Manichaeism is apparent not only in the ascetic's renunciation of the world but also in the utopians renunciation of the present and consequent obsession either with the future or with some preindustrial golden age.
Manichaeism emerged in Mesopotamia in the third century, spread rapidly, and then was suppressed.
Unfortunately, it stretches its evidence very far indeed in an effort to argue that much of Khitan culture was heavily influenced by Uyghur Manichaeism. While it is known that the Uyghurs exercised various forms of influence on the Khitans both before and after the creation of Abaoji's centralized state, and that Manichaeism enjoyed adherents among the Uyghur population, the author's attempts to find Manichaeism in different aspects of Khitan ideology and religion can strain credulity.
It is a useful synthesis of work on Manichaeism in general and in Egypt and Mesopotamia in particular (for which see now S.
The twenty-two contributions that make up the main body of the text are devoted to a wide variety of related subjects, including the interpretation of Manichaean manuscripts for a general audience, early Byzantine anti-Manichaean literature as a window on controversies in later Neo-Platonism, explicit and implicit Christian elements in Manichaeism, and others.
The latter approach culminated in Arthur Voobus' claim that Syrian monasticism had been strongly influenced by Manichaeism, which, in turn, had absorbed many ideas and practices from India.
insists that Augustine did not thoroughly know, let alone understand, Nicene Christianity when he converted to it, but also that the same must be said of his earlier adherence to Manichaeism. Yet knowing Augustine's version of Manichaeism is no easy task: "All the ways Augustine came to think about Manichaeism and apply it in his life have been obscured from our gaze by being overwritten from a later vantage point that seeks to undo those past choices in the verification of another option" (8).
Baker-Brian (theology, Cardiff U., UK.) offers a religious studies-based introductory approach to Manichaeism. Manichaeism is a third century religion based on the visions and teachings of Mesopotamian prophet Mani.
There are nine chapters divided into three parts: studies on the Manichaean Kephalaia; new sources from the Chester Beatty Codex; Manichaeism and the history of religions.