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Manichaeism, Manicheism, Manicheanism

1. the doctrines and practices of the dualistic religious system of Manes, a blending of Gnostic Christianity, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, and other elements, especially doctrines of a cosmic conflict between forces of light and darkness, the darkness and evilness of matter, and the necessity for a sexual, vegetarian asceticism.
2. any similar dualistic system, considered heretical by orthodox Christian standards. Cf. Gnosticism. — Manichean, n., adj. — Manicheistic, adj.
See also: Heresy
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Before his conversion in Milan, Augustine was influenced by various religious traditions, and Manicheanism became one of the main sources in shaping his worldview.
Baldwin, Mary Dudziak, Kevin Gaines, Richard Iton, Nikhil Singh, Penny Von Eschen, and Alan Wald that has transformed conceptions of midcentury African American cultural production, revealing a cultural and political sensibility that shaped and was shaped by global forces, including World War II, decolonization, and Cold War Manicheanism. What sets Rasberry's study apart is his pathbreaking reformulation of totalitarianism as a phenomenon that cannot be cordoned off into political or economic systems remote from the United States, a transformative insight that requires a recalibration of the midcentury global literary map.
A frantic optimism leads to a frantic Manicheanism leads to a frantic pessimism.
(21) While still in Carthage he began to doubt Manicheanism after a meeting with Faustus of Mileve.
Calonne introduces important themes from Gnosticism, Manicheanism, and Ismailism to Theosophy and Tarot, demonstrating how inextricably these ideas shaped the Beat literary imagination.
He built a political order rooted in mendacity and dedicated to an ideological Manicheanism that excoriated opponents of Bolshevism (the vast majority of the Russian people) as enemies of the human race.
His conversions (to philosophy, to Manicheanism and back, and to celibacy), were completed in 386-87; after that, he turned toward confessing.
Fox also explains concepts such as Platonism, Neo-Platonism, and Manicheanism, a sect that Augustine joined for nine or so years and later fought.
Manicheanism, a heritage of Zoroastrianism, as well as agnostic
Overall, Waldron's opening chapter, subtitled "A Genealogy of Evil from Manicheanism to Bataille," can be somewhat dense, even for those with some theological training.
References to influences of Buddhism, Hindus, Manicheanism, and Christianity are woven into the fabric of the narrative.
Manicheanism to define their cultural other, the Panare, as evil.