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 (măn′ĭ-kē′ĭz′əm) also Man·i·chae·an·ism (-kē′ə-nĭz′əm)
1. The syncretic, dualistic religious philosophy taught by the Persian prophet Mani, combining elements of Zoroastrian, Christian, and Gnostic thought and opposed by the imperial Roman government, Neoplatonist philosophers, and orthodox Christians.
2. A dualistic philosophy dividing the world between good and evil principles or regarding matter as intrinsically evil and mind as intrinsically good.

[From Late Latin Manichaeus, Manichaean, from Late Greek Manikhaios, from Manikhaios, Mani.]

Man·i·chae·an (măn′ĭ-kē′ən) n. & adj.


(ˌmænɪˈkiːən) or


1. (Other Non-Christian Religions) of or relating to Manichaeism
2. (Theology) chiefly RC Church involving a radical dualism
(Other Non-Christian Religions) an adherent of Manichaeism
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Manichaean - an adherent of Manichaeism
adherent, disciple - someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
Adj.1.Manichaean - of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of dualism; "a Manichaean conflict between good and evil"
2.Manichaean - of or relating to Manichaeism


Manichean [ˌmænɪˈkiːən]
A. ADJmaniqueo
B. Nmaniqueo/a m/f
References in periodicals archive ?
This fundamental feature of "The book of changes" was met by Manicheans and used in creation of the specific Manichean book of reasonings and revelations.
These books, he says, enabled him to recognize the Manicheans' essential error of ontological materialism, thus paving the way for intellectually resolving the problem of evil and seeking Christian baptism at Easter in 387.
It seems that travelers of the Silk Road, Manicheans, Buddhists, Parthians, Kushans, Greek-Romans, all played a role and contributed to Iranian tales and made a new series of Iranian and non-Iranian tales, especially in the first part of the Kush-nameh (Akbarzadeh: 2013, 27).
Manchurians know nothing of Munich, neither do Manicheans, but plenty of
Writing as a historian rather than a theologian, he covers Paul and the early Christians, the early defenders of the faith, Marcion: a new interpretation, the Manicheans, the Christianizing of the empire, Arianism, and the power of the bishops.
He's well versed in the history of various apocryphal sects like the Gnostics and the Manicheans, and can draw maps of exactly how and when the gospel story spread out in various directions all over the world in differing forms.
Manicheans also rejected Jewish scriptures as primitive.
In this way, the Manicheans conceived of darkness, or black, and things associated with it as evil, while light, or white, symbolized those things that were good.
In response to Jovian, Augustine found it necessary to deny that he himself was a Manichean. (19) Prior to his conversion to Christianity, Augustine had in fact enlisted in a lower rank of the Manicheans as an "Auditor." (20) Auditors were permitted to have sexual relations as long as they practiced certain contraceptive techniques.
Augustine says in Book 2 of his treatise against the Manicheans (Contra epistolam Manichaei quam dicumntfundamenti), "taking the sword" means taking up arms without the order or permission from the authorities.
(18) A familiar refrain in Augustine's refutation of the Manicheans is their inability to differentiate the true nature of God and the soul from their vain imaginations (or false conceptions) regarding these matters.
Law and fear: the encouragement of accusation like a way for frightening the Manicheans in the Theodosian laws